|English and Pedagogy MCQ Questions with Answer|
Directions (Q. 1-9): Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
The fossil remains of the first flying vertebrates, the pterosaurs, have intrigued palaeontologists for more than two centuries. How such large creatures, which had wingspans from 8 to 12 metres, solved the problems of powered flight, and exactly what these creatures were reptiles or birds – are among the questions scientists have puzzled over.
Perhaps the least controversial assertion about the pterosaurs is that they were reptiles. Their skulls, pelvises and hind feet were reptilian. The anatomy of their wings suggests that they did not evolve into the class of birds. In the pterosaurs, a greatly elongated fourth finger of each forelimb supported a wing-like membrane. In birds, the second finger is the principal strut of the wing. If the pterosaur walked or remained stationary, the fourth finger and with it, the wing, could only turn upward in an extended inverted V-shape alongside the animal’s body. Both the pterosaurs and the birds have hollow bones, a feature that represents a saving in weight. In the birds, however, these bones are reinforced more massively by internal struts.
Although Scales typically cover reptiles, the pterosaurs probably had hairy coats. The recent discovery of a pterosaur specimen covered in long, dense and relatively thick hair-like fossil material, was the first clear evidence that this reasoning was correct. Efforts to explain how the pterosaurs became airborne have led to suggestions that they launched themselves by jumping from cliffs, by dropping from trees, or even by rising into light winds from the crests of waves.
Q1. The skeleton of a pterosaur can be distinguished from a bird’s by the
(a) Size of its wingspan
(b) Presence of hollow bones
(c) hook-like projections at the hind feet
(d) The anatomy of its wingspan
Q2. Which is a characteristic of the pterosaurs?
(a) They hung upside down like bats before the flight
(b) Flew to capture prey
(c) Unable to fold their wing fully at rest
(d) Lived mostly in the forest supported
Q3. The elongated finger in the outstretched wings.
Q4. The body of the pterosaurs was covered in
(d) Smooth skin
Q5. The pterosaurs flew by
(a) Jumping off a mountain ledge
(b) Pushed by the wind before take-off
(c) Jumping upwards with force
(d) Momentum gained by running
Q6. A synonym for ‘compressed‘ from the passage is
Q7. The opposite of ‘controversial‘ is
Q8. It can be understood from the passage that scientists believe that the
(a) Large wings helped the pterosaurs fly a great distance
(b) Hollow bones showed they evolved from bats
(c) Fossil remains explain how they flew
(d) Pterosaurs walked on all fours
Q9. Fossils often left scientists in doubt regarding
(a) The existence of pterosaur
(b) The number of pterosaurs
(c) The size and weight of pterosaur
(d) The shape and gender of pterosaur
Directions (Q. 10-15): Read the poem given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
The Hand Holders: A Tribute to Caregivers
There is no job more important than yours,
no job anywhere else in the land.
You are the keepers of the future;
you hold the smallest of hands.
Into your care, you are trusted
to nurture and care for the young
and for all of your everyday heroics,
your talents and skills go unsung
you wipe tears from the eyes of the injured.
You rock babies brand new in your arms.
You encourage the shy and unsure child.
You make sure they are safe from all harm.
You foster the bonds of friendships,
letting no child go away mad.
You respect and honour their emotions.
You give hugs to each child when they’re sad.
You have more impact than does a professor,
a child’s mind is moulded by four;
so whatever you lay on the table
is whatever the child will explore.
Give each child the tools for adventure
let them be artists and writers and more:
let them fly on the wind and dance on the stars
and build castles of sand on the shore.
It is true that you don’t make much money
and you don’t get a whole lot of praise,
but when one small child says “I love you”,
you’re reminded of how this job pays.
Q10. The expression “the smallest of hands‘ refers to
(b) Caregivers with small hands
(c) Parents with small hands
(d) People with small hands
Q11. Though caregivers look after the young, they are
(a) Never tired of their work
(b) Not properly recognised
(c) Not loved by the children under their care
(d) Paid very well in return
Q12. A caregiver has more influence on a child than a professor because
(a) The child generally prefers a caregiver to a professor
(b) The professor is not capable of providing love to a child
(c) The child spends the formative years with the caregiver
(d) The caregiver can teach better than a professor
Q13. What is the most valuable gift that a caregiver gets?
(a) Acknowledgement of the society
(b) Praise from the parents
(c) Money for his/her services
(d) Love from children
Q14. You give hugs to each child when they’re sad.’ This act can be described as one of
Q15. ‘Letting no child go away mad‘ – the meaning of this line is
(a) No child is allowed to be angry for long
(b) No child is permitted to go away from school without permission
(c) No child is allowed to become mad
(d) No caregiver is permitted to be made with a child
Directions: Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.
Q16. Acquisition of vocabulary is
(a) Cramming more words
(b) Learning big words
(c) Learning words in totality and using them effectively
(d) Learning word families
Q17. A teacher can develop learners’ listening skills in English by
(a) Speaking to them continuously both within the classroom and outside
(b) Focusing only on listening skills without associating them with other language skills
(c) Making learners listen to everything they hear passively
(d) Creating opportunities for learners to listen to a variety of sources and people and engage in listening activities
Q18. How many domains are there in Bloom’s taxonomy?
Q19. To identify and measure the learner’s potential for his/her specific abilities and skills such as music, science, medicine, etc., schools
(a) Conduct proficiency tests
(b) Conduct aptitude tests
(c) Keep a record of various activities the learner was involved in
(d) Seek the opinion of various teachers teaching the learner
Q20. The constructivist approach to language learning promotes____.
(a) A child-centred approach
(b) Classroom noise
(c) A teacher-centred approach
(d) Culture of silence
Q21. Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation refers to an assessment of
(a) Academic subjects
(b) Both scholastic and co-scholastic areas
(c) Summative assessment tests
(d) co-curricular activities
Q22. The communication technology that enables sharing of educational resources within an institution
(d) audio-video cassette
Q23. The ___________skill should be developed before speaking skill. .
Q24. In order to improve the learner’s pronunciation, the teacher first needs to______
(a) Use recorded model of sounds
(b) Do pronunciation drills
(c) Show the documentary/films of the target language
(d) Ask the learner to read more
Q25. The poverty of stimulus with respect to language acquisition among young children implies that they would
(a) Express themselves ungrammatically
(b) Read later
(c) Not recognise human language
(d) Need more stimulus at home for learning the language
Q26. ‘Curriculum should enable the learners to think critically.’ This involves
(a) Ability to learn information
(b) Ability to find fault
(c) Ability to carefully analyse and evaluate information
(d) Ability to think freely
Q27. The informal teaching method aims to
(a) Teach incidentally by relating to textbooks, compositions and translations
(b) Explain rules with examples and practice
(c) Teach with rules and provide examples at the end of the topic
(d) Teach grammar as per its usage
Q28. In large language classes, group work can be accomplished by
(a) Asking 4-5 students to sit together on a narrow bench despite lack of space
(b) Asking students to turn around for group work
(c) Asking all students to stand in a circle
(d) Asking half the class to go out to the playground
Q29. To assess listening skills, the teacher has to frame an activity. What can the assessment be based on?
(a) Students’ interpretation of a visual
(b) Watching a short film and reviewing
(c) Completing a tabulation based on an audio recording
(d) Reading a text aloud
Q30. The word ‘alpha‘ is phonetically transcribed as