List of The First in India


List of The first in India:

The list of first in India (Male & Female) in various fields – Science & Technology, Architecture, Awards, Sports, Defense, and Governance etc. Persons who accomplish any achievement for the first time set a special benchmark for others to follow and as such make the whole world to feel proud of them. Since these individuals achieve what had not been previously achieved by anyone before them, it becomes indispensable to be aware of them. The list of first in India (Male & Female) in various fields – Science & Technology, Architecture, Awards, Sports, Defense, Governance The first in India’ was important category in the Static GK section for various competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, RAIL, Bank-Clark, Bank-PO, Insurance, Defence, etc.


List of First in India (Male)

Achievement Who Achieved When Achieved
First Indian to climb Mt. EverestAvtar Singh CheemaMay 20, 1965
First Indian to climb the Mt Everest without oxygenPhu Dorjee1984
First Indian to go into spaceRakesh SharmaApril 2, 1984
First Person to reach the North PoleJagannathan Srinivasaraghavan
First Person to reach the South PoleCol Jatinder Kumar BajajApril 23, 1985
First Person to fly in a balloon and land in a parachuteRam Chandra Chatterjee1889
First Indian to reach AntarcticaRamcharan1960
First Indian Space TouristSantosh George2008
First Indian PilotJRD Tata1929
First Indian to cross the English ChannelMihir Sen1958
First President of the Indian RepublicDr. Rajendra Prasad1950 – 1962
First Vice President of Indian RepublicDr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan1952-1962
First Muslim President of IndiaDr. Zakir Hussain1967– 1969
First Indian President to die in OfficeDr. Zakir Hussain3 May 1969
First Temporary President of Constituent AssemblyDr. Sachchida Nand Sinha1946
First Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru1947–1964. India held its first constitutional elections in 1952 after which he was re-elected.
First Deputy Prime MinisterVallabhbhai Patel1947– 1950
First Prime minister of India, who resigned before the full termMorarji Desai1979
First Law Minister of IndiaB. R. Ambedkar1947-1952
First Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen21 March 1950 to 19 December 195
First Education MinisterMaulana Abul Kalam Azad1947-1958
First Home Minister of IndiaSardar Vallabhbhai Patel02 September 1946 – 15 December 1950
First Defense Minister of IndiaBaldev SinghAug 15, 1947 – May 15, 1952
First Commander-in-Chief of Free IndiaGeneral Sir Roy Bucher1948–1949
First Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free IndiaGeneral Kodandera Madappa Cariappa1949
First Chief of Air StaffAir Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst26 January 1950
First Indian Chief of StaffMaharaja Rajendrasinhji Jadeja,1 April 1955
First Commander-in-Chief, IAFAir Marshal Subroto Mukerjee1954–1960
First Chief of Naval StaffVice Admiral R D KatariFebruary 1958
First Person to get Param Vir ChakraMajor Som Nath Sharma
First Indian member of the Viceroy’s Executive CouncilSP Sinha1909
First Indian to join the (Indian Civil Service) ICSSatyendranath Tagore1863
First Judge of the International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh1988
First Chief Justice of IndiaHarilal Jekisundas Kania26 January 1950 – 6 November 1951
First Person to resign from the Central CabinetShyama Prasad Mukherjee6 April 1950
First Speaker of Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudev Mavalankar15 May 1952 – 27 February 1956
First Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadr-ur-din Tyabji1896
First Governor-General of IndiaWarren Hastings1773 – 85
The first man to introduce Printing Press in IndiaJames Hicky29 January 1780
First Chinese pilgrim to visit IndiaFa-Heinbetween 399-413 AD
First American President to visit IndiaDwight David EisenhowerDec 1959
First Russian (Soviet) Prime Minister to visit IndiaNikolai Bulganin1955
First Indian to get Bharat RatnaDr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and C. V. Raman1954
First Indian to get Padma VibhushanSatyendra Nath Bose, Nand Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, V. K. Krishna Menon1954
First Indian to get Nishan-e-PakistanMorarji Desai1990
First Indian to win the Noble prizeRabindranath Tagore1913
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in LiteratureRabindranath Tagore in 1913. He was also the first Asian to win the prize.1913
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC. V. Raman1930
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in MedicineHar Gobind Khorana in 1968 (US citizen of Indian origin)1968
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen1998
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in ChemistryVenkatraman Ramakrishnan (USA citizen of Indian origin)2009
First Indian to win Oscar for Lifetime AchievementSatyajit Ray1992
First Person to receive Jnanpith AwardG. Sankara Kurup1965
First Person to receive Magsaysay AwardAcharya Vinoba Bhave1958
First Person to receive Stalin PrizeSaif-ud-din Kitchew1952
First Indian Mr. UniverseManohar Aich1952
First Mr. InternationaAryan Vaid2000
First Indian Formula One racerNarain Karthikeyan
First Indian Chess GrandmasterViswanathan Anand1988
First Indian to get Grand Slam titleMahesh Bhupathi (partnering with Japanese Rika Hiraki) in the Mixed Doubles category of the  French Open1997

[ Read Also: List of The First in World ]


List of the first in India (Female)

Achievement Who Achieved When Achieved
The first woman to climb Mount EverestBachendri Pal23 May 1984
The first woman to climb Mount Everest twiceSantosh YadavMay 1992 and May 1993
The first woman to reach the South PoleReena Kaushal Dharmshaktu29 December 2009
The first woman to go into SpaceKalpana Chawla2003
The first woman to swim across the English ChannelArati Saha1959
First woman PresidentPratibha Patil25 July 2007 – 25 July 2012
First woman President of INCAnnie Besant1917
First woman Prime MinisterMrs. Indira Gandhi1966 – 1977
First woman Chief Minister of an Indian StateMrs. Sucheta Kripalani (Uttar Pradesh)1963 – 1967
First woman cabinet minister in GovernmentRajkumari  Amrit Kau


15 Aug. 1947 to 2 Mar. 1949
First woman Governor of a state in free IndiaMiss CB Muthhamma For UP15 Aug. 1947 to 2 Mar. 1949
First woman Chairman of Union Public Service CommissionRoze Millian Bathew23 Sep. 1992 to 23 Aug. 1996
First woman President of United Nations General AssemblyMrs. Vijaya Laxmi Pandit1953
First woman Director General of PoliceKanchan C BhattacharyaDGP of Uttarakhand2004
First woman jawan in the Indian ArmySapper Shanti Tigga
First woman Lieutenant GeneralPuneeta Arora
First woman Air Vice MarshalP Bandopadhyaya2002
First woman Chairperson of Indian AirlinesSushma ChawlaJune 2005
First woman Pilot in Indian Air ForceHarita Kaur Dayal
First Indian woman to earn a pilot licenseSarla Thakral (1936)1936
First woman Speaker of a State AssemblyMrs. Sarojini Naidu
First woman AmbassadorCornelia Sorabjee
First woman Judge in Supreme CourtMrs. Fatima Beevi
First woman Chief Justice of High Court (Himachal Pradesh)Mrs. Leela Seth1991
First woman LawyerAnna Chandy
First woman IPS officerKiran Bedi1972
First Indian woman to join the Indian ArmyPriya Jhingan1993
First Indian female physician (doctor)Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi1886
First Indian to get Nobel Peace PrizeMother Teresa of Calcutta in 1979 (Indian citizen of Albanian origin)1979
The first woman to get Bharat RatnaIndira Gandhi1972
First woman Musician to get Bharat RatnaMS Subbulaxm1998
The first woman to get Jnanpith AwardAshapurna Devi1976
The first woman to win the Booker PrizeArundhati Roy1997
First Indian Women to win Magsaysay AwardKamladevi Chattopadhyay1966
The first woman to receive Ashoka ChakraNirja Bhanot2004
First lady to become Miss WorldReita Faria1966
First Miss Asia PacificZeenat Aman1970
First Miss Intercontinental Pageant ElizabethAnita Reddi1978
First Mrs. WorldAditi Gowitrikar2001
First woman Honors GraduateKamini Roy1886
First woman Olympic Medal WinnerKarnam Malleswari (Weightlifter) (1998)1998
First woman Asian Games Gold Medal WinnerKamaljit Sandhu1970 in 400 m race
First Indian woman Chess GrandmasterKoneru Humpy2002
First Indian Woman to win a Grand Slam titleSania Mirza (partnering with Mahesh Bhupathi) in the Mixed Doubles category of the  Australian Open.2009
First Indian woman to be ranked no. 1 in Women’s Tennis Association’s double rankingsSania Mirza2015
First Indian woman to become no. 1 in World ranking in BadmintonSaina Nehwal2015
First Indian woman boxer to win a gold medal in Asian GamesMary Kom2015
First Indian Test-tube Baby (World’s 2nd)‘Durga’ alias Kanupriya Agarwal [Doctor: Subhash Mukhopadhyay]born on Oct 3, 1978


[ Read More: Important Statics GK ]

List of The First in India (Miscellaneous)
First nuclear submarineINS Arihant in 2016
First Islamic (tomb) in IndiaSultan Ghari Sultan Ghari, built-in 1231 CE for Prince Nasiruddin, eldest son of Iltumish
First true domeAlai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built-in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Alauddin Khilji
First Mosque in IndiaCheraman Juma Masjid Kodungallur (Kerala), built 629-630 A.D by Malik ibn Deenar
First Post Office Opened in IndiaKolkata (1727)
First Cricket Club in IndiaKolkata (1792), Calcutta cricket club
First test match played in IndiaIndia v/s England in Eden Gardens,(Calcutta) (result draw) (5-8 Jan 1934)
First Cricket StadiumEden Gardens in Kolkata
First Test VictoryAgainst England At Madras
The first partition of the Indian stateBengal
First (Metro) rail to become Zone of Indian RailwaysKolkata Metro as the (17Th Zonal Headquarter) (30-12- 2010)
First and the only Indian (Metro) rail under Indian RailwaysKolkata Metro
First District to achieve 100% literacy rateErnakulam district, Kerala, 1990
First District to be polio-freePathanamthitta district, Kerala

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