SC CGL 2020 EXAM HIGHLIGHTS
Staff Selection Commission (SSC) releases its recruitment notification each year where it announces the vacancies under different posts. SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate level) is one such major recruitment that SSC announces almost every year. It is considered as one of the biggest examinations that is conducted by SSC to recruit eligible graduates candidates to various posts in the departments and ministries of the Central Government. The SSC CGL 20192020 TierI exam is expected to be conducted from 2nd March to 11th March 2020 as mentioned in SSC official calendar.
SSC CGL Exam Pattern 2020:
SSC conduct SSC CGL 2020 in four stage: TierI, TierII, TierIII and TierIV. where first two stage TierI and TierII are online ComputerBased Test (CBT), TierIII will be a pen and paper based exam and and TierIV will be a computer skill test.
1. SSC CGL TierI Exam Pattern:
TierI exam will be conducted online ComputerBased Test (CBT) comprising of four sections having 100 questions in total and with maximum marks of 200. Each Section have 25 question. Total allotted time for TierI exam is 60 minutes.
Following Four Section for TierI:
Serial No.  Sections  No. of Questions  Total Marks  Time Allotted 

1  General Intelligence and Reasoning  25  50  A cumulative time of 60 minutes

2  General Awareness  25  50  
3  Quantitative Aptitude  25  50  
4  English Comprehension  25  50  
Total  100  200 
N.B: Remember Penalty for each wrong answer is ¼th or 0.50. No penalty for unattempted question.
2. SSC CGL TierII Exam Pattern:
SSC CGL TierII will be conducted tentatively from 22nd June to 25th June 2020. The exam will be conducted online ComputerBased Test (CBT) comprising of 4 sections with about a 100 questions in each section and with maximum marks of 200.
Following Four Section for TierII:
 Quantitative Ability
 Statistics
 General Studies (Finance & Economics)
 English Language & Comprehension
Serial No.  Sections  No. of Questions  Total Marks  Time Allotted 

1  Quantitative Ability  100  200  2 hours 
2  English Language and Comprehension  200  200  2 hours 
3  Commerce/ Mathematics Statistics/Economics  100  200  2 hours 
4  General Studies (Finance and Economics)  100  200  2 hours 
N.B: Remember Penalty for each wrong answer is ¼th . No penalty for unattempted question.
3. SSC CGL TierIII Exam Pattern:
TierIII of SSC CGL will be a descriptive type test. The paper will be in English/Hindi and will constitute of 100 marks. The entire paper needs to be completed in 60 minutes.
Subject  Marks  Time 
Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (Writing of Essay, Precis, Letter, Application etc.)  100 marks  1 hour or 60 minutes 
4. SSC CGL TierIV Exam Pattern
SSC CGL TierIV Exam is a Computer Skill Test. It will be conducted in two steps: DEST Test and CPT Test.
DEST: Candidates are required to type 2000 Character in 15 minutes on a computer in English. This test is conducted to check a candidate’s writing skills.
CPT: This test is conducted to check a candidate’s proficiency in Word Processing, Spreadsheets and Generation of Slides.
SSC CGL Syllabus:
SSC CGL TierI Syllabus:
A. General Intelligence & Reasoning : It would include questions of both verbal and nonverbal type. This component may include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, spatial visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, nonverbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc.
B. General Awareness : Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining to sports, History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity, Indian Constitution, scientific Research etc. These Questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline.
C. Numerical Aptitude: The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole numbers, decimals and fractions and relationships between numbers. It will test sense of order among numbers, ability to translate from one name to another, sense or order of magnitude, estimation or prediction of the outcome of computation, selection of an appropriate operation for the solution of real life problems and knowledge of alternative computation procedures to find answers. The questions would also be based on arithmetical concepts and relationship between numbers and not on complicated arithmetical computation (The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).
D. English Comprehension : Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, his basic comprehension
and writing ability, etc. would be tested.
(N.B: The questions in the components A,B & D will be of a level commensurate with the Essential Qualification prescribed for the post viz; graduation).
SSC CGL TierII Syllabus:
PaperI :
Arithmetic Ability: This paper will include questions on problems relating to Number Systems, Computation of Whole Numbers, Decimals and Fractions and relationship between Numbers, Fundamental Arithmetical Operations, Percentage, Ratio and Proportion, Average, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Use of Table and Graphs, Mensuration, Time and Distance, Ratio and Time etc.
PaperII :
English Language & Comprehension: Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on error recognition, fill in the blanks (using verbs, preposition, articles etc), Vocabulary, Spellings, Grammar, Sentence Structure, Synonyms, Antonyms, Sentence Completion, Phrases and Idiomatic use of Words, etc. There will be a question on passages and comprehension of passages also. (The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).
PaperIII :
Commerce/Mathematics/Statistics/Economics for Investigator GradeII, for Ministry of Statistics &
Program Implementation and Compiler for Registrar General of India, Ministry of Home Affairs.
A. STATISTICS
Probability, Probability Distributions, Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Exponential. Compilation, classification, tabulation of Statistical Data, Graphical presentation of data. Measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, measures of association and contingency, scatter diagram, correlation coefficient, rank correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis ( for two or more variables ) excluding partial correlation coefficients. Concept of Population, random sample, parameters, statistics, sampling distribution of x properties of estimators and estimation of confidence intervals. Principles of sampling, simple random sampling, stratified sampling, systematic sampling etc., Sampling and nonsampling errors, typeI and typeII errors. Concepts of Hypothesis – Null and alternate, Testing of hypothesis for large samples as well as small samples including Chisquare tests ( Z, t, F, X^{2}
tests ). Index Numbers, Time series analysis – components of variation and their estimation.
B. ECONOMICS
GENERAL ECONOMICS
1. Demand and Supply Analysis, including Laws and Interaction of Demand and Supply.
2. Production Function and Laws of Returns.
3. Commodity Pricing – Characteristics of various Market Forms and Price Determination under such
Market Forms.
4. Theory of Factor Pricing – Rent, Wage, Interest and Profit.
5. Theory of Employment – Classical and Neoclassical Approach.
6. Keynesian Theory of Employment – Principles of Effective Demand. Meaning and Importance of Investment, Relation between Saving and Investment, Multiplier Effect and the process of Income Generation, Post Keynesian Development.
7. Nature and Functions of Money, Value of Money, Fluctuations in the value of Money – Inflation and Deflation, Monetary Policy, Index Number.
8. International TradeFree Trade and Protection, Theories of International Trade.
9. Foreign Exchange – Determination of the rate of Exchange – Purchasing Power Parity theory and Balance of Payment Theory.
10. Public Finance – Nature. Scope and importance of Public Finance.
11. Taxation – Meaning, Classification and Principles of Taxation, Incidence of Taxation.
12. Deficit Financing.
13. Fiscal Policy.
INDIAN ECONOMICS AND GENERAL STATISTICS
1. Statistical Investigation – Meaning and Planning of Investigation.
2. Collection of data and editing of data.
3. Types of sampling.
4. Schedule and questionnaire.
5. Presentation of data – classification, tabulation, etc.
6. Measures of Central Tendency.
7. National Income and Accounting – Estimation of National Income, Trends in National Income, Structural changes in the Indian Economy as seen in National Income Data.
8. Agricultural sector – Agricultural Development during Plan Period, Rural Credit, Agricultural Price Policy, Rural Development Cooperation and Panchayati Raj.
9. Industrial Policy and Industrial Development.
10. Problems of Economic Development – Indian Planning – Objectives, Techniques and its evolution, Five Year Plans and Role of National Development Council.
11. Profile of Human Resources – Population and Economic Development, Demographic Profile of India, Nature of Population Problem – Poverty, Inequality, Unemployment Problem, Labour Problem, Population Control and Government Policy.
12. New Economic Policy and Welfare Schemes.
13. Indian Public Finance – Indian Revenue, Foreign Aid.
14. Indian Banking and Currency system.
C. MATHEMATICS
Algebra: Algebra of sets, relations and functions, Inverse of a function, equivalence relation.The system of complex numbers, De Moivere’s Theorem and its simple applications. Relation between roots and coefficients of a polynomial equation – Evaluation of symmetric function of roots of cubic and biquadratic equation. Algebra of Matrices: Determinants, Simple properties of determinants, Multiplication of determinants of orders two and three, Singular and nonsingular matrices. Inverse of a matrix, Rank of a matrix and application of matrices to the solution of linear equations ( in three unknowns ). Convergence of sequences, and series, tests of convergence of series with positive terms, Ratio, Root and Gauss tests.
Analytic Geometry: Straight lines, Circles, System of circles, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form
and their elementary properties, Classification of curves second degree.
Differential Equation: First order differential equation. Solution of Second and higher order linear differential
equations with constant coefficients and simple applications.
Differential and Integral Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability of functions, successive differentiation, derivatives of standard functions, Rolle’s and Meanvalue Theorems, Maclaurins and Taylor’s series ( without proof) and their applications, Maxima and Minima of functions of one and two variables. Tangents and Normal, Curvature, Partial differentiation, Euler’s theorem for homogeneous function, Tracing of curves. Standard methods of integration, Riemann’s definition of definite integral, fundamental theorem of integral calculus, quadrature, rectification, volumes and surface area of solids of revolution.
Statistics: Frequency distributions, Measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, Skewness and Kurtosis, Random variables and distribution function, Discrete distributions, Binomial and Poisson distribution, continuous distributions, Rectangular, Normal and Exponential distributions, Principles of least squares, correlation and regression, Random Sampling, random numbers, Sampling of attributes, Large Sample tests for mean and proportion, Tests of significance based on t, F and Chisquare distributions.
D. COMMERCE
This paper will cover all the subjects of commerce ordinarily taught at the B.Com. or similar degree courses of
Indian Universities. Specifically, it will include the following subjects:
Accountancy: Conceptual framework, Income measurement, Final accounts, Accounting for partnership firms,
Hirepurchase accounting, Corporate accounting ( Issue, forfeiture and reissue of shares ).
Business Organisation: Business objectives, Business environment, Business entrepreneurship ( including
location, choice of form of business and growth strategies ), Business operations including finance, production, marketing and human resource development.
Management: Concept of management, Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling.
Microeconomics: Pricemechanism, Theory of consumer behaviour, Elasticity of demand, Production function, Theory of costs, Market structures, Pricedetermination under perfect competition and monopoly.
Indian Economics: Issues involved in planning for economic development, Sectoral analysis of Indian economy including agriculture, industry and foreign trade.
Business Statistics: Analysis of Univariate data involving measurement of Central tendency and dispersion, correlation and regression analysis, index numbers, analysis of timeseries, Theory of probability.
Business Law: Indian Contract Act, 1872, Sale of Goods Act, 1930, Partnership Act, 1932 and Negotiable
Instruments Act, 1881.
Company Law: Kinds of companies, matters involving incorporation of company, shares and share capital and
matters relating to issue and transfers of shares, members of a company, management of a company, meetings
and resolutions, winding up of a company.
Cost accounting: Procedures involved in cost accounting, marginal costing, costvolume profit analysis,
Budgetary control, Standard costing.
Auditing: Meaning and objects of auditing, Types of audit, Audit process.
Income Tax: Basic concepts, Residence and tax liability, heads of income.
PaperIV (General StudiesFinance and Economics):
Part A: Finance and Accounts:
Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting:
Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Nonprofit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
Part B: Economics and Governance:
Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility.
Finance CommissionRole and functions.
Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics: Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.
Theory of Demand and Supply: Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviour Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
Theory of Production and cost: Meaning and Factors of production, Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
Forms of Market and price determination in different markets: Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets.
Indian Economy:
Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth.
National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication.
Economic Reforms in India: Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment.
Money and Banking:
Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
Role of Information Technology in Governance.
SSC CGL TierIII Syllabus:
SSC CGL TierIII exam will consist of a Descriptive type test in English/Hindi where the candidates will be judged from their writing skills. TierIII is offline (Pen and Paper mode) and candidates are required to write essays, precis, application, letter etc. in this exam. The exam carries 100 marks and the time allotted 60 minutes for all category except PWD category. The time allotted for PWD category candidates is increased to 80 minutes. TierIII paper is not for all candidates. This paper is applicable for those candidates who are interested only for the post of “Statistical Investigator Grade II” & “Compiler”.
SSC CGL TierIV Syllabus:
SSC CGL TierIV Exam is a Computer Skill Test. It will be conducted in two steps: DEST Test and CPT Test.
DEST: Candidates are required to type 2000 Character in 15 minutes on a computer in English. This test is conducted to check a candidate’s writing skills.
CPT: This test is conducted to check a candidate’s proficiency in Word Processing, Spreadsheets and Generation of Slides.