World History MCQ Questions with Answer

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World History MCQ Questions with Answer

Q1. When did China start the Civil Services Examinations?

(a) 6 A.D

(b) 1905

(c) 1920

(d) 1949

Answer: (a)

Explanation: One of the oldest examples of a civil service based on meritocracy is the Imperial bureaucracy of China, which can be traced as far back as the Qin Dynasty (221–207 BC). During the Han Dynasty (202 BC–220 AD) the Xiaolin system of recommendation by superiors for appointments to the office was established. The civil service recruitment method and educational system employed from the Han dynasty (206 B.C. – A.D. 220) was abolished by the Ch’ing dowager empress Tz’uHsi in 1905 under pressure from leading Chinese intellectuals. The Sui dynasty (581–618) adopted this Han system and applied it in a much more systematic way as a method of official recruitment.

Q2. Who was the first Calipha

(a) Sulaiman, the Great

(b) Abu Bakr

(c) ImanHussain

(d) Constantine

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad’s death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad’s death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful).

Q3. Who discovered America?

(a) Vasco-da Gama

(b) Columbus

(c) Captain Cook

(d) Amundsen

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World. Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas (having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson in the 11th century), Columbus’s voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas.

Q4. The first atomic bomb was thrown over:

(a) Nagasaki

(b) Hiroshima

(c) Tokyo

(d) Hong Kong

Answer : (b)

Explanation: Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. It is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on it at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II. Its name means “Wide Island”.

Q5. Economic dimensions of justice have been emphasized by

(a) Idealists

(b) Capitalists

(c) Socialists

(d) Fascists

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Socialism lays more emphasis on the economic dimension of justice. Without economic justice, one cannot achieve the objectives of social and political justice. For economic justice, there should be sufficient production of essential goods. Basic necessities of life must be available to all. The aim of social justice is to protect the interest of minorities and eradicate poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy from society.

Q6. The famous painting ‘Monalisa’was the creation of:

(a) Michael-Angelo

(b) Leonardo-Da- Vinci

(c)Picasso

(d) Van Gogh

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as “the best known, the most visited, the most written about, and the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world. It is believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506.

Q7. Cold War refers to

(a)Tension between East and West

(b)Ideological rivalry between Capitalist and Communist world

(c)Tension between Superpowers

(d) All of the above

Answer: (a)

Explanation: The Cold War, often dated from 1947 to 1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies and powers in the Eastern Block, dominated by the Soviet Union along with Warsaw Pact.

Q8. Who said, “Liberty consists in obedience to the general will”?

(a) Hobbes

(b) Rousseau

(c) Green

(d) Laski

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was a Swiss-born French political philosopher. He propounded ‘Social Contract Theory’ — that men were born free, but lived everywhere in chains. His ideas led to the French Revolution and the establishment of republics in different parts of the world. His Confessions was published after his death.

Q9. Of the following, in which did Napoleonic France suffer final defeat?

(a) Battle of Trafalgar

(b) Battle of Wagram

(c) Battle of Pyramids

(d) Battle of Austerlitz

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Battles of Wagram, Pyramids, and Austerlitz resulted in decisive victories for Napoleon. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August– December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803– 1815). The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war.

Q10. Which of the following countries is regarded as the home of ‘Fabian Socialism’?

(a) Russia

(b) England

(c) France

(d) Italy

Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of socialism via gradualist and reformist, rather than revolutionary, means. It is best known for its initial ground-breaking work beginning late in the 19th century and continuing up to World War I.

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