Ancient Indian History MCQ with Answer

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Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions with Answer


Q1. The earliest city discovered in India was

(a) Harappa

(b) Punjab

(c) Mohenjo Daro

(d) Sindh

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (i) Harappa is an important site of the Indus Valley Civilization.

(ii) It is situated in the present-day Sahiwal district of Punjab, Pakistan.

(iii) The first Harappan sites were discovered by Dr. D.R. Sahni and Dr. R.D. Banarjee in 1921.

Q2. The word ‘Hindu’ as reference to the people of Hind (India) was first used by:

(a) The Greeks

(b) The Romans

(c) The Chinese

(d) The Arabs

Answer: (a) The Greeks

Explanation: The word Hindu was used by Greeks to denote the country and people living beyond the Indus River. The word Hindu is derived from the Sanskrit word Sindhu which is the ancient name for the Indus River.

Q3. The credit of the discovery of the first Paleolithic in India which opened the field of prehistoric studies in the country goes to ​

(a) ​Burkitt

​(b) ​De Terra and Paterson ​

(c) ​Robert Bruce Foote ​

(d) ​H D Sankalia

Answer: (c) ​

Explanation: Robert Bruce Foote was a British geologist and archaeologist who conducted geological surveys of prehistoric locations in India for the Geological Survey of India.

Q4. Which was the only Indus site with an artificial brick dockyard?

(a) Lothal

(b) Kalibangan

(c) Harappa

(d) Mohenjo Daro

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Lothal was the port city of Indus Valley Civilization. It was located at Saragwala, Gujarat. A massive dockyard was found at Lothal which is supposed to be the earliest dock in the history of the world.

Q5. Horse remains are found in : ​

  1. ​Surkotada ​
  2. ​Kalibangan ​
  3. ​Dholavira ​
  4. ​Manda ​

Choose the correct answer from the following : ​

(a) ​1, 2 and 3 ​

(b) ​2, 4 and 1 ​

(c) ​1, 3 and 4

​(d) ​1 and 3

Answer: (a) ​

Explanation: S.Bokonyi, a paleontologist, discovered a horse skeleton in Surkotada. Archaeologist B.B. Lal has referred to a number of horse teeth and bones discovered from Kalibangan, Dholavira, and Lothal.

Q6. In Sanskrit plays written during the Gupta periodwomen and Sudras speak:

(a) Sanskrit

(b) Prakrit

(c) Pali

(d) Sauraseni

Answer: (b) Prakrit

Explanation: In Sanskrit plays of the Gupta period women and Sudras speak Prakrit.

Q7. Which one of the following was a land measure?

​(a) ​Dharaka ​

(b) ​Karsha

​(c) ​Nivartana ​

(d) ​Vimsopaka

Answer: (c) ​

Explanation: Nivartana was a land measure containing 400 square poles of ten cubits each, according to the Lilavati.

Q8. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer(using codes given below the lists)

List-I (Eras)List-II (Reckoned from)
A. Vikrama era1. 3102 B.C
B. Saka era2. 320 A.D
C. Gupta era3. 78 A.D
D. Kali era4. 58 B.C
5. 248 A.D


(a) A – 2; B – 4; C – 5; D – 1

(b) A – 1; B – 3; C – 2; D – 4

(c) A – 4; B – 5; C – 2; D – 3

(d) A – 4; B – 3; C – 2; D – 1

Answer: (d)

Explanation: 248 A.D. is the Kalachuri era. Vikram era was started by king Vikramaditya. Shaka era was started by Kanishka. Gupta era was started by Chandragupta-I.

Q9. Which of the following domesticated animals was absent in the terracottas of the Indus civilization?

(a) Buffalo

(b) Sheep

(c) Cow

(d) Pig

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The terracotta figurines excavated at the Harappan site had images of oxen, buffaloes, pigs, goats, sheep, and humped bulls. The cow was famous in Vedic culture.

Q10. Which one of the following is the smallest measure? ​

(a) ​Adhaka

​(b) ​Kumbha

​(c) ​Khari

​(d) ​Drona

Answer: (a) ​

Explanation: Adhaka is the smallest measure. Equal attention is given to the measurement of time, based on the device named the nalika, being the time taken for one adhaka of water to flow out of a pot through a hole of the same diameter as that of a wire 4 angulas long, made from 4 masas of gold.

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