Medieval Indian History MCQ Question with Answer

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Medieval Indian History MCQ Questions with Answer


Q1. Which one of the following Sultans brought the Ashokan pillar to Delhi?

​(a) ​Ghiasuddin Tughlaq ​

(b) ​Muhammad Bin Tughlaq ​

(c) ​Firoz Shah Tughlaq ​

(d) ​Alauddin Khilji

Answer: ​(c)​

Explanation: Firoz Shah Tughlaq brought the Ashokan pillar to Delhi.  Feroz Shah Tughlaq (r.  1351–88), the Sultan of Delhi, established the fortified city of Ferozabad in 1354, as the new capital of the Delhi Sultanate on the banks of Yamuna river, the site of the present Feroz Shah Kotla, literally Kotla (fortress or citadel) of Feroz Shah.  Here he erected the Lat or Ashoka Column, attributed to Mauryan ruler Ashoka.

Q2. The Mughal school of painting formed the spinal column of different schools of Indian miniature art. Which one of the following painting styles was not affected by Mughal painting?

(a) Pahari

(b) Rajasthani

(c) Kangra

(d) Kalighata

Answer:(d) Kalighata

Explanation: It does not quite belong to the temper of Mughal painting which was aristocratic, celebrated imperial promp and circumstances.

Q3. The most important Sufi shrinein India is at

(a) Pandua

(b) Bidar

(c) Ajmer

(d) Shahjahanabad


Explanation: Ajmer is famous for the Dargah Sharif of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti which is situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Akbari Mosque, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It contains the domed tomb of the saint. Akbar and his queen used to come here by foot on pilgrimage from Agra every year in observance of a vow when he prayed for a son.

Q4. Consider the following:

  1. Tughlaqabad fort
  2. Lodi Garden
  3. Qutab Minar
  4. FatehpurSikri

The correct chronological order in which they were built is:

(a) 3, 1, 4, 2

(b) 3, 1, 2, 4

(c) 1, 3, 2, 4

(d) 1, 3, 4, 2

Answer: (b) 3, 1, 2, 4

Explanation: Tughlaqabad Fort is a ruined fort in Delhi, stretching across 6.5 km, built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty, of the Delhi Sultanate of India in 1321, which was later abandoned in 1327.

Fatehpur Sikri is a city and a municipal board in the Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar beginning in 1570, in honor of Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chisti.

Qutab Minar – 1206 –1236;

Lodi Garden – 1451– 1526.

Q5. Who among the following rulers is famous as “Prithvi Raj Chauhan”?​​​

​(a) ​Prithvi Raj I

​(b) ​Prithvi Raj II ​

(c) ​Prithvi Raj III ​

(d) ​None of the above

Answer: ​(c)

Explanation: ​The most famous king of the Chauhan dynasty was Prithiviraj Chauhan who is also known as Prithvi Raj III.  In the fairy tale, he has been called ‘Rai Pithaora.  The famous poet.  Chanda Bardai was dwelling in his state council who has written Prithivi Raj Raso.

Q6. Who was the greatest Bhakti poet of Maharasthra?

(a) Ramdas

(b) Tukaram

(c) Namdeva

(d) Eknath

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Saint Tukaram (1608–1645) was a prominent Varkari Sant (Saint) and spiritual poet during a Bhakti movement in India. Dilip Purushottam Chitre, a well-known Marathi Scholar, identifies Tukaram as the first modern poet of Marathi. Chitre believes that Tukaram was the second saint after Sant Dnyaneshwar who denied caste hierarchy in Hindu religion and attacked rituals present in Hindu Dharma.

Q7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

A . 15561. Battle of HaldiGhati
B. 16002. Nadir Shah’s capture of Delhi
C. 16863. Death of Shivaji
D. 17394. Grant of Charter to East India Company
5. Accession of Akbar


(a) A – 3; B – 4; C – 2; D – 1

(b) A – 5; B – 4; C – 3; D – 2

(c) A – 5; B – 2; C – 1; D – 4

(d) A – 1; B – 5; C – 3; D – 2

Answer:(b) A – 5; B – 4; C – 3; D – 2

Explanation: The Battle of Haldighati was fought between the Mughal Empire and the forces of Mewar on June 21, 1576, at Haldighati in Rajasthan, India. It was a decisive victory for the Mughal Emperor Jalal ud-Din Muhammad Akbar’s general Raja Man Singh against the MaharanaPratap Singh of Mewar. Akbar was 14 years old when he was crowned at Kalanaur in 1556.

Q8. The bone of contention between Bahmani and Vijayanagar kingdom was

​(a) ​Kavery delta ​

(b) ​Malabar parts

​(c) ​Krishna delta

​(d) ​Krishna-Tungabhadra doab

Answer: ​(d)

Explanation: ​The bone of contention between the Bahmani and Vijayanagar kingdoms was Krishna-Tungabhadra doab.  The conflict started on a large scale in 1367 during the reign of Bukka I.

Q9. Who was the Guru of Shivaji?

(a) Namdev

(b) Ramdas

(c) Eknath

(d) Tukaram

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Samarth Ramdas was a prominent Marathi saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Maharashtra, India. Samarth Ramdas was a devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkarni Thosar. Ramdas was the political strategist and spiritual guru of Shivaji. It is said that Shivaji Maharaj requested Shri Ramdas swami to move his residence to a fort named Parali & establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed Sajjangad – Fort of the sacred.

Q10. ‘The king was freed from his people and them from their king’. On whose death did Badauni comment thus? [1999]

(a) Balban

(b) Ala-ud-din Khalji

(c) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

(d) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

Answer:(c) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

Explanation: Muhammad Bin Tughlaq died in 1351 CE. He was succeeded by his cousin FirozTughlaq.

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