Medieval Indian History MCQ Question with Answer

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Medieval Indian History MCQ Questions with Answer


Q11. Amir Khusrau was a musician and

(a) Sufi saint

(b) Persian and Hindi writer, and scholar

(c) Historian

(d) All of the above

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Amir Khusrau was an Indian musician, scholar, and poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amir Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. He is regarded as the “father of qawwali” (the devotional music of the Sufis in the Indian subcontinent). He is also credited with enriching Hindustani classical music by introducing Persian and Arabic elements in it, and was the originator of the khayal and tarana styles of music. The invention of the tabla is also traditionally attributed to him.

Q12. To which Lodi Sultan does the given map relate and what town does the site marked. A represent

A on the map represent?

(a) Bahlol Lodi – Jaunpur

(b) Sikandar Lodi – Aligarh

(c) Ibrahim Lodi – Jaunpur

(d) Ibrahim Lodi – Aligarh

Answer: (a) Bahlol Lodi – Jaunpur

Q13. Who built the Ibadatkhana at Fatehpur Sikri?

​(a) ​Akbar

​(b) ​Jahangir

​(c) ​Shahjahan

​(d) ​Aurangzeb

Answer: ​(a)​

Explanation: Akbar built the Ibadatkhana at Fatehpur Sikri.  Ibadatkhana (House of Worship) was a meeting house built in 1575 CE by the Mughal emperor Akbar, where the foundations of a new Syncretistic faith, Din-e-Ilahi were laid by Akbar.

Q14. A new coin called the ‘Rupia’ was issued for the first time by

(a) Ala-ud-din Khilji

(b) Mohammed Shah Tughluq

(c) Sher Shah Suri

(d) Akbar


Explanation: The system of tri-metallism which came to characterize Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. While the term rupya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rupiya came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. The rupee is today used as the national currency in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Mauritius, Maldives, and Seychelles among other countries. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Dam were also minted by his government.

Q15. Assertion (A): During the time of Akbar, for every ten cavalrymen, the mansabdars had to maintain twenty horses.

Reason (R): Horses had to be rested while on march and replacements’ were necessary in times of war.

(a) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

Answer:(d) A is false but R is true

Explanation: A is incorrect as the Duaspa Sihaspa system was introduced by Jahangir (not Akbar).

Q16. The old capital of Vijayanagar is now represented by the extensive ruins of ​

(a) ​Hampi

​(b) ​Badami ​

(c) ​Bijapur ​

(d) ​Vijayanagaram

Answer: ​(a)​

Explanation: The old capital of Vijayanagar is now represented by the extensive ruins of Hampi.  It is located within the ruins of Vijayanagar, the former capital of the Vijayanagar empire.  Predating the city of Vijayanagar, it continues to be an important religious center, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city.  The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi.

Q17. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the list:

A. Land allotted to  big feudal landlords1. Jagirdari System
B. Land allotted to revenue farmers of rent collectors2. Ryotwari System
C. Land allotted to each peasant with the right to sublet, mortgage transfer, gift, or sell3. MahalwariSystem
D. Revenue settlements made at the village level4. Zamindari System


(a) A – 1; B – 3; C – 2; D – 4

(b) A – 1; B – 4; C – 2; D – 3

(c) A – 3; B – 4; C – 1; D – 2

(d) A – 2; B – 1; C – 3; D – 4

Answer:(b) A – 1; B – 4; C – 2; D – 3

Explanation: Under the Mahalwari system, revenue, the settlement was to be made by village or estates with the landlords. In the Ryotwari system, a direct settlement was made between the government and the ryot (cultivator). In the Zamindari system, the land is allotted to revenue farmers of Zamindars (rent collectors).

Q18. Which was the birthplace of Guru Nanak?

(a) Gurdaspur

(b) Amritsar

(c) Lahore

(d) Talwandi


Explanation: Guru Nanak was the founder of the religion of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru Nanak was born on 15 April 1469, now celebrated as Prakash Divas of Guru Nanak Dev, into a Hindu Khatri family in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, Pakistan. Today, his birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.

Q19. Vidyaranya was associated with ​

(a) ​Harihar II ​

(b) ​Ramraj ​

(c) ​Devaraya II ​

(d) ​Sayan

Answer: ​(d)​

Explanation: One theory identifies Vidyaranya as Madhava, the brother of Sayana. According to the records of the Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Vidyaranya was a different person, and Sayana and Madhava were actually his disciples.  ​​This account also claims that Vidyaranya wrote some Veda bhashyas, and his disciples Sayana and Madhava completed these works.

Q20. Who among the following streamlined the Maratha administration after Sambhaji?

(a) Raja Ram

(b) Balaji Vishwanath

(c) Ganga Bai

(d) NanajiDeshmukh

Answer:(b) Balaji Vishwanath

Explanation: Best answer isBalajiVishwanath. As Sambhaji(1680-89) were succeeded by Rajaram, Shivaji II, Tarabai and Shahuji. BalajiVishwanath played a crucial role in the final victory of Shahu by winning over almost all the Maratha sardars to the side of Shahu. Under Baji Rao I Maratha power reached a zenith. But that option is not given.

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