World Geography MCQ Questions and Answer

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World Geography MCQ Questions and Answer

Q1. The terms longitude and latitude were first used by

​(a) ​Herodotus ​

(b) ​Eratosthenes

​(c) ​Posidonius

​(d) ​Ptolemy

Answer: (b)​

Explanation: The terms longitude and latitude were first used by Eratosthenes. Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. He was a man of learning, becoming the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria.

Q2. The original home of the gypsies was:

(a) Egypt

(b) Russia

(c) India

(d) Persia

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The ‘Gypsies’ are a group of people found in Central Asia. But, the original home of Gypsies was in India (Western Rajasthan and Punjab) area.

Gypsies’ are an ethnic group, which for unknown reasons took to a wandering lifestyle during the late Middle Ages.

Q3. The continent through which both the tropic of cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn pass is ​

(a) ​North America ​

(b) ​Asia

​(c) ​Africa ​

(d) ​Europe

Answer: (c)​

Explanation: Tropic of cancer, Tropic of Capricorn as well as equator pass through Africa.

Q4. . Which one of the following does not belong to biosphere reserves set-up so far?

(a) Great Nicobar

(b) Sunderbans

(c) Nanda Devi

(d) Gulf of Kutch

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Great Nicobar, Sundarbans, and Nanda Devi are biosphere reserves declared by Govt. of India. Gulf of Kutch is not a biosphere reserve, dry sandy plain.

Q5. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the codes given below: ​

Assertion (A): The length of the day at the equator is always 12 hours.  ​

Reason (R): The angle of incidence of the Sun’s rays at the equator is constant.

​Codes:

​(a) ​Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.  ​

(b) ​Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.  ​

(c) ​A is true, but R is false.  ​

(d) ​A is false, but R is true.

Answer: (a)​

Explanation: The length of the day at the equator is always 12 hrs as the angle of incidence of the Sun’s rays at the equator is constant.

Q6. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the descending order of the latitudinal zones of ocean salinity? Use the codes given below to select the correct answer:

  1. 10°N — 15°N
  2. 15°N — 40°N
  3. 40°N — 50°N
  4. 50°N — 70°N ​

Codes: ​

(a) ​1, 3, 2, 4

​(b) ​2, 1, 3, 4 ​

(c) ​2, 1, 4, 3 ​

(d) ​1, 4, 3, 2

Answer: (b)​

Explanation: 15°N – 40° N > 10° N – 15° N > 40° N – 50° N > 50° N – 70° N

Q7. Who founded the word “Geography”?

(a) Ptolemy

(b) Eratosthenes

(c) Hicatus

(d) Herodotus

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, and poet. He was born in 276 BC. He propounded the word ‘geography’.

Q8. Arakan Yoma is the extension of the Himalayas located in:

(a) Baluchistan

(b) Myanmar

(c) Nepal

(d) Kashmir

Answer: (b)

Explanation: ArakanYoma is located in western Myanmar. It is a part of the eastern Himalayas. It includes the Naga Hills, the Chin Hills, and the Patkai range which includes the Lushai hills.

Q9. Which one of the following characteristics of the earth is not explained by the tetrahedral hypothesis? ​

(a) ​Drifting of the continents.  ​

(b) ​Location of the chain of Fold Mountains around the Pacific Ocean.  ​

(c) ​Antipodal arrangement of the continents and oceans.  ​

(d) ​Triangular shape of the continents and the oceans.

Answer: ​(a)​

Explanation: The Tetrahedral hypothesis is an obsolete scientific theory attempting to explain the arrangement of the Earth’s continents and oceans by referring to the geometry of a tetrahedron. Although it was a historically interesting theory in the late 19th and early 20th century, it was superseded by the concepts of continental drift and modern plate tectonics.

Q10. Milky Way Galaxy was first seen by-

(a) Galileo

(b) Martin Schmidt

(c) Marconi

(d) Newton

Answer: (a)

Explanation: According to Big Bang theory, the cosmic substance was in the form of a single dense mass which got scattered through explosion-forming galaxies. Ours is a Milky Way galaxy discovered first by Galileo in 1610.

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