Environment and Biodiversity MCQ Questions and Answer

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Environment and Biodiversity MCQ Questions and Answer

Q1. ​REDD-plus Program is concerned with which of the following? ​

(a) ​Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

​(b) ​Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

​(c) ​Millennium Development Goals (MDG)  ​

(d) ​Earth Summit

Answer: (b)​

Explanation: Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD-plus) is a mechanism developed by Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. It creates a financial value for the carbon stored in forests by offering incentives for developing countries to reduce emissions from forested lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainable development. Developing countries would receive results-based payments for results-based actions.

Q2. The Ramsar convention is associated with the conservation of

​(a) ​Biofuels ​

(b) ​Forests ​

(c) ​Wetlands

​(d) ​Drylands

Answer: ​(c)​

Explanation: The Convention on Wetlands is known as Ramsar Convention. The Convention was named after the Iranian city of Ramsar where this intergovernmental treaty was adopted in 1971. The treaty came into force in 1975. Ramsar convention provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.

Q3. The concept of greenhouse gases was postulated by

​(a) ​C. C.  Park ​

(b) ​J. N. N. Jeffers

​(c) ​Joseph Fourier ​

(d) ​L. Zobler

Answer: ​(c)

Explanation: ​Joseph Fourier was a French mathematician and physicist. He is credited with the discovery of the Greenhouse Effect. In 1827, he suggested that the Earth’s atmosphere might act as an insulator and retain the heat. Joseph Fourier is best remembered for his work on the flow of heat in the form of Fourier’s law.

Q4. Which of the organizations is mainly related to environmental planning?

(a) CSIR

(b) NEERI

(c) CIFRI

(d) ICAR

Answer: (b)

Explanation: NEERI stands for National Environmental Engineering Research Institute which is run by the Government of India It is situated in Nagpur and was established in 1958. It has 5 laboratories at Kolkata, Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai.

Q5. ​Which one of the following plants are used for green manuring in India?

​(a) ​Wheat

​(b) ​Sunnhemp

​(c) ​Cotton ​

(d) ​Rice

Answer: (b)​

Explanation: Green manure is manure obtained from unrecompensed green plant material. Sunn hemp is one of the most important green manure crops along with dhaincha, cluster beans, Sesbaniarostrata, and others.

Q6. Consider the following ​

  1. ​Carbon dioxide ​
  2. ​Oxides of Nitrogen
  3. ​​Oxides of Sulphur ​

Which of the above is/are the emission/emissions from coal combustion at thermal power plants?

​(a) ​Only 1

​(b) ​2 and 3 ​

(c) ​1 and 3

​(d) ​1, 2 and 3

Answer: (d)​

Explanation: Coal combustion at thermal power plants emits Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur Dioxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, and particulate matter.

Q7. Sustainable development is a case of intergenerational sensibility in respect of the use of

​(a) ​Natural resources ​

(b) ​Material resources ​

(c) ​Industrial resources ​

(d) ​Social resources

Answer: ​(a)​

Explanation: Sustainable development is the type of development that fulfills the criteria of meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Q8. The United Nations Convention on climate change ratified by more than 50 countries became effective on

​(a) ​March 21, 1994 ​

(b) ​May 21, 1995 ​

(c) ​June 21, 1996 ​

(d) ​June 21, 1999

Answer: (a)​

Explanation: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force on March 21, 1994. The Convention sets an ultimate objective of stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a safe level.

Q9. Which is the first national park of India?

(a) Jim Corbett National Park

(b) Similipal National Park

(c) Dachigam National Park

(d) Hazaribagh National Park

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Earlier known as Hailey National Park, Jim Corbett National Park got established in 1936 in Nainital to protect the Bengal tiger.

Q10. ​Polar bears are carnivores and prey on many arctic birds and fishes.  However, under natural conditions, no one found polar bears predating any penguin.  This is because

​(a) ​Penguins have chemical substances in their muscles which is toxic to polar bears

​(b) ​Penguins are gregarious and always move in groups.  Therefore, a polar bear cannot approach them ​

(c) ​Polar bears and penguins never coexist under natural conditions.

The former lives in the North Pole while the latter lives in the South Pole

​(d) ​Polar bears and penguins display symbiotic relationships and they help each other for their existence in the ice-cold ecosystem

Answer: (c)

Explanation:​Polar bears and penguins never coexist under natural conditions. Polar bears live in the North Pole while the Penguin lives in the South Pole.

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