CTET Exam 2020 Syllabus and Exam Pattern

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CTET Exam Pattern and Syllabus:

To prepare CTET Exam first evaluate CTET Exam Syllabus and Exam Pattern. Candidates aspiring to serve as teachers for Classes I to V (Primary Stage) need to appear for CTET Paper-I and candidates aspiring to serve as teachers for Classes VI to VIII need to appear for CTET Paper-II. Also, there is no restriction to choose any one Paper, you can even appear for both papers. Candidates scoring 60% marks will be issued an Eligibility Certificate by the board.

Paper-I (for Classes I to V): CTET Exam Pattern and Syllabus

The questions in the test for Paper I will be based on the topics prescribed in syllabus of the NCERT for classes I to V but their difficulty standard, as well as linkages, could be up to the Secondary stage.

SubjectNo. of QuestionMarksTime
(i) Child Development and Pedagogy30 MCQs30 MarksTotal Time: 2 Hr and 30 Minutes
(ii) Language-I30 MCQs30 Marks
(iii) Language-II30 MCQs30 Marks
(iv) Environmental Studies30 MCQs30 Marks
(v) Mathematics30 MCQs30 Marks
Totals150 MCQs150 Marks

Nature and standard of questions:

(i) The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on the educational psychology of teaching and learning that were relevant to the age group of 6-11 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics and needs of diverse learners, interaction with learners, and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.

(ii) The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiency related to the medium of instruction. The Test items in Language II will focus on the elements of language, communication, and comprehension abilities. Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options and will be required to specify the same in the Confirmation Page.

  •  This year, the CTET exam will be held in the following languages: English, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Bangla, Manipuri, Tamil, Marathi, Mizo, Nepali, Oriya, Khasi, Malayalam, Telugu, Tibetan, Garo, Assamese, Gujarati, Kanada.

(iii) The Test items in Mathematics and Environmental Studies will focus on the concepts, problem-solving abilities and pedagogical understanding and applications of the subjects. In all these subject areas, the test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject prescribed for classes I-V by the NCERT.

Practice: CTET Subject wise MCQ Question with Answer 

Paper-I (for Classes I to V): CTET Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Child Development and Pedagogy: 30 Questions

(a) Child Development (Primary School Child)   15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child cantered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender bias, and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion, etc.
  • The distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School
  • Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

(b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs   5 Questions

  •    Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  •    Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
  •    Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

(c) Learning and Pedagogy   10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning personal & environmental

Language-I:   30 Questions

(a) Language Comprehension      15 Questions

  • Reading unseen passages two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar, and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

(b) Pedagogy of Language Development    15 Questions                                             

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors, and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multimedia materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

Language-II: 30 Questions

(a) Comprehension           15 Questions

  • Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with the question on comprehension, grammar, and verbal ability

(b) Pedagogy of Language  Development  15 Questions                                

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors, and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multimedia materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

Mathematics:    30 Questions

(a) Content  15 Questions

  • Geometry
  • Shapes & Spatial Understanding
  • Solids around Us
  • Numbers
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Measurement
  • Weight
  • Time
  • Volume
  • Data Handling
  • Patterns
  • Money

(b) Pedagogical issues  15 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation through formal and informal methods
  • Problems of Teaching
  • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
  • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

Environmental Studies:  30 Questions

(a) Content   15 Questions

  1. Family and Friends:
  •    Relationships
  •    Work and Play
  •    Animals
  •    Plants

2. Food

iii. Shelter

  1. Water
  2. Travel
  3. Things We Make and Do

(b) Pedagogical Issues    15 Questions

  • Concept and scope of EVS
  • Significance of EVS integrated EVS
  • Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
  • Learning Principles
  • Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
  • Approaches to presenting concepts
  • Activities
  • Experimentation/Practical Work
  • Discussion
  • CCE
  • Teaching material/Aids
  • Problems

Practice: CTET  Previous Year Question with Answer 

Paper-II (for Classes VI to VIII) Upper Primary Stage: CTET Exam Pattern and Syllabus

The questions in the test for Paper-II will be based on the topics prescribed in the syllabus of the
NCERT for classes VI to VIII but their difficulty standard, as well as linkages, could be up to the
Senior Secondary stage.

SubjectNo. of QuestionMarksTime
(i) Child Development and Pedagogy30 MCQs30 MarksTotal Time: 2 Hr and 30 Minutes
(ii) Language-I30 MCQs30 Marks
(iii) Language-II30 MCQs30 Marks
(iv) Mathematics and Science (for Science Students) or Social Science/Social Studies ( For Arts Students)60 MCQs60 Marks
Totals150 MCQs150 Marks

Nature and standard of questions:

(i) The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on the educational psychology of teaching and learning, relevant to the age group of 11-14 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics, needs, and psychology of diverse learners, interaction with learners, and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.

(ii) The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiency related to the medium of instruction. The Test items in Language II will focus on the elements of language, communication, and comprehension abilities. Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options and will be required to specify the same in the Confirmation Page.

  •  This year, the CTET exam will be held in the following languages: English, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Bangla, Manipuri, Tamil, Marathi, Mizo, Nepali, Oriya, Khasi, Malayalam, Telugu, Tibetan, Garo, Assamese, Gujarati, Kanada.

(iii) The Test items in Mathematics and Science and Social Studies/Social Science will focus on the concepts, problem-solving abilities, and pedagogical understanding and applications of the subjects. The test items of Mathematics and Science will be 30 marks each. The test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject as prescribed for classes VI-Vlll by the NCERT.

Paper-II: CTET Syllabus and Exam pattern

Child Development and Pedagogy:  30 Questions                             

(a) Child Development (Elementary School Child)     15 Questions                     

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child cantered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender bias, and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion, etc.
  • The distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

(b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs   5 Questions

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

(c) Learning and Pedagogy    10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning personal & environmental

Language-I:  30 Questions

(a) Language Comprehension       15 Questions

  • Reading unseen passages two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar, and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative, or discursive)

(b) Pedagogy of  Language Development   15 Questions                                          

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors, and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multimedia materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

Language – II:      30 Questions

(a) Comprehension       15 Questions

  • Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with a question on comprehension, grammar, and verbal ability

(b) Pedagogy of  Language Development      15 Questions                                         

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors, and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multimedia materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

Mathematics and Science:    60 Questions

(i) Mathematics     30 Questions                                                            

(a) Content                  20 Questions                                                                       

  • Number System
  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Whole Numbers
  • Negative Numbers and Integers
  • Fractions
  • Algebra
  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Geometry
  • Basic geometrical ideas (2D)
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2D and 3D)
  • Symmetry: (reflection)
  • Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)
  • Mensuration
  • Data handling

(b) Pedagogical issues   10 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community
  • Mathematics
  • Evaluation
  • Remedial Teaching
  • Problem of Teaching

(ii) Science       30 Questions

(a) Content           20 Questions

  • Food
  • Sources of food
  • Components of food
  • Cleaning food
  • Materials
  • Materials of daily use
  • The World of the Living
  • Moving Things People and Ideas
  • How things work
  • Electric current and circuits
  • Magnets
  • Natural Phenomena
  • Natural Resources

(b) Pedagogical issues   10 Questions

  • Nature & Structure of Sciences
  • Natural Science/Aims & objectives
  • Understanding & Appreciating Science
  • Approaches/Integrated Approach
  • Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)
  • Innovation
  • Text Material/Aids
  • Evaluation cognitive/psychomotor/affective
  • Problems
  • Remedial Teaching

Social Studies/Social Sciences:   60 Questions

(a) Content                     40 Questions                                                                         

  • History
  • When, Where, and How
  • The Earliest Societies
  • The First Farmers and Herders
  • The First Cities
  • Early States
  • New Ideas
  • The First Empire
  • Contacts with Distant lands
  • Political Developments
  • Culture and Science
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Architecture
  • Creation of an Empire
  • Social Change
  • Regional Cultures
  • The Establishment of Company Power
  • Rural Life and Society
  • Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  • The Revolt of 1857-58
  • Women and reform
  • Challenging the Caste System
  • The Nationalist Movement
  • India after Independence
  • Geography
  • Geography as a social study and as a science
  • Planet: Earth in the solar system
  • Globe
  • Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
  • Air
  • Water Human Environment: settlement, transport, and communication
  • Resources: Types of Natural and Human
  • Agriculture
  • Social and Political Life
  • Diversity
  • Government
  • Local Government
  • Making a Living
  • Democracy
  • State Government
  • Understanding Media
  • Unpacking Gender
  • The Constitution
  • Parliamentary Government
  • The Judiciary
  • Social Justice and the Marginalized

(b) Pedagogical issues     20 Questions

  • Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
  • Class Room Processes, activities, and discourse
  • Developing Critical thinking
  • Inquiry/Empirical Evidence
  • Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies
  • Sources Primary & Secondary
  • Projects Work
  • Evaluation

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