Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions with Answer

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Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions with Answer

Quiz-1Quiz-2

Q1. The Social System of the Harappans was:

(a) Fairly egalitarian

(b) Slave-Labour based

(c) Colour Varna based

(d) Caste-based

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (i) The Social System of Harappan was fairly egalitarian (equality and equal rights).

(ii) No signs of slave tradition or Varna system have been found.

Q2. Which one of the following temples figured in the news regarding the institution of the Devadasi?

(a) Jagannath Temple, Puri

(b) Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu

(c) KandariyaMahadev temple, Khajuraho

(d) Chausath Yogini temple, Bhedaghat

Answer: (a) Jagannath Temple, Puri

Explanation: Devadasi is a girl “dedicated” to worship and service a deity or a temple for the rest of her life. They were considered the human wife of Lord Jagannath.

Q3. The river most mentioned in early Vedic literature is:

(a) Sindhu

(b) Sutudri

(c) Sarasvati

(d) Ganga

Answer: (a) Sindhu

Explanation: Sapta Sindhu plays a prominent part in the hymns of the Rigveda, and consequently in early Vedic religion.

Q4. From which of the following regions, the remains of Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic cultures have been found in a sequence?

​(a) ​Kashmir valley

​(b) ​Krishna valley

​(c) ​Belan valley ​

(d) ​Godavari valley

Answer: (c)

Explanation: In the Belan valley (Uttar Pradesh), all three phases, the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic, have been found in the sequence.

Q5. Vaishakha Poornima has a great significance because it was on this day-

(a) Buddha was born

(b) Buddha got enlightened

(c) Buddha died

(d) All of the above

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Vaishakha Poornima is the full moon day in the month of Vaishakha (May). It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary. Enlightenment and Mahaparinirvana (Death anniversary) of Gautama Buddha.

Q6. The Indo-Laws Kingdom set up in northern Afghanistan at the beginning of the second century B.C. was:

(a) Bacteria

(b) Scythia

(c) Zedrasia

(d) Aria

Answer: (a) Bacteria

Explanation: Bactria was the ancient civilization of Iranian peoples. Ancient Bactria was located between the Hindu Kush mountain range and the Amu Darya River, covering the flat region that straddles modern-day Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

Q7. A story of Sunahsesha, in which his father Ajigarta is stated to have sold him to Harishchandra, occurs in: ​

(a) ​Aitareya Brahmana

​(b) ​Gopatha Brahmana

​(c) ​Svetasvatara Upnishad ​

(d) ​Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

Answer: (a)

Explanation: ​The story of Sunahsesha in which his father Ajigarta is stated to have sold him to Harishchandra, occurs in Aitareya Brahmana.

Q8. Which of the following could be the most accurate description of the Mauryan monarchy under Ashoka?

(a) Enlightened despotism

(b) Centralized autocracy

(c) Oriental despotism

(d) Guided democracy

Answer: (a)

Explanation: The Mauryan monarchy under Ashoka was enlightened despotism.

Q9. Where is the Brihadeshwar temple, built during the Chola period, located?

(a) Mysore

(b) Mahabalipuram

(c) Thanjavur

(d) Kanyakumari

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Brihadeshwar temple is located in Thanjavur. It is also known as Raja Rajeshwara temple.

Q10. Assertion (A): The Aham and Puram poems of the PadinenKilukanakku group formed a continuation of the Sangam composition.

Reason (R): They were included under the post-Sangam works as against the Sangam works proper.

(a) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

Answer: (a) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A

Explanation: The didactic works of the Sangam period are called Kilukanakku(18 minor groups) consisting of Tirukurral and Naladiyar. The Aham and Purampoems of the Kilukanakku group were composed in the post-Sangam period. That’s why R explains A.

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