World History MCQ Questions with Answer

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World History MCQ Questions with Answer

Q31. Marx belonged to

(a) Germany

(b) Holland

(c) France

(d) Britain

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist movement. Revolutionary socialist governments espousing Marxist concepts took power in a variety of countries in the 20th century, leading to the formation of such socialist states like the Soviet Union in 1922 and the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Many labor unions and workers’ parties worldwide were also influenced by Marxist ideas, while various theoretical variants, such as Leninism, Stalinism, Trotskyism, and Maoism, were developed from them.

Q32. The Industrial Revolution in England represented the climax of the transition from

(a)Slavery to feudalism

(b)Feudalism to capitalism

(c)Capitalism to socialism

(d)Socialism to market socialism

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Capitalism in Europe was preceded by feudalism. Karl Marx saw the Industrial Revolution as the climax of the shift from feudalism to capitalism. The shift took in form of the change in the mode of production and the alterations that it brought in class relations.

Q33. Where did the practice of ‘Shadow Cabinet’ originate?

(a) the United States of America

(b) Great Britain

(c) Italy

(d) France

Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Shadow Cabinet is a senior group of opposition spokespeople in the Westminster system of government who together under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition form an alternative cabinet to the government’s, whose members shadow or mark each individual member of the Cabinet. Members of a shadow cabinet are often but not always appointed to a Cabinet post if and when their party gets into government. In the United Kingdom and Canada, the major opposition party and specifically its shadow cabinet are called His or Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition.

Q34.Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ is the call associated with

(a) American Revolution

(b) French Revolution

(c) Chinese Revolution

(d) Russian Revolution

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood)”, is the national motto of France, and is a typical example of a tripartite motto. Although it finds its origins in the French Revolution, it was then only one motto among others and was not institutionalized until the Third Republic at the end of the 19th century.

Q35. Name the country where the first Industrial Revolution took place:

(a) America

(b)Great Britain

(c) Germany

(d)France

Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. It began in Great Britain and then spread to Western Europe and the United States.

Q36. Who was the first Prime-Minister of England?

(a) Oliver Cromwell

(b) Benjamin Disraeli

(c) Robert Walpole

(d) Gladstone

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Oxford, British statesman (in power 1721–42), generally regarded as the first British prime minister. Although the position of “Prime Minister” had no recognition in law or official use at the time, Walpole is nevertheless acknowledged as having held the office de facto because of his influence within the Cabinet.

Q37. The slogan of the French Revolution was

(a) One nation, one leader, and one flag

(b) Government of the people, by the people, and for the people

(c) Liberty, equality, and fraternity

(d) None of these

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The famous slogan of the French Revolution was “liberty, equality, fraternity”. Many other nations have adopted the French slogan of “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity” as an ideal. These words appear in the preamble to the Constitution of India, enforced in 1950.

Q38. 1917 is known for

(a) Battle of Trafalgar

(b) Battle of Waterloo

(c) End of the World War I

(d) The Russian Revolution

Answer: (d)

Explanation: The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the communist government. The Emperor was forced to abdicate and replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917. In the second revolution, during October, the Provisional Government was replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government.

Q39. Who was a founder member of the Russian Populist Movement “Anarchism”?

(a) Mikhail Bakunin

(b)Gorkhy

(c) Leo Tolstoy

(d)Turganev

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) was the founder and most prominent leader of Russian Anarchism. He is regarded as one of the fathers of modern terrorism. Anarchism was the first Russian intellectual movement to have a significant international impact.

Q40. What is ‘Reformation’?

(a) Rise of absolute monarchy

(b) Revival of classical learning

(c) The revolt against the authority of the pope

(d) Change in attitude of man

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The Reformation was a series of events in 16thcentury England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. Martin Luther is widely acknowledged to have started the Reformation with his 1517 work The Ninety-Five Theses.

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