World History MCQ Questions with Answer

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World History MCQ Questions with Answer

Q21. Waterloo is located in

(a) England

(b) France

(c) Spain

(d) Belgium

Answer: (d)

Explanation: The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blucher. It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon’s last.

Q22.Anti-Semitism’ to Adolf Hitler meant

(a) Anti Black policy

(b) Anti-Jewish policy

(c) Anti Protestant policy

(d) Anti German policy

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Anti-Semitism is suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. Social scientists consider it a form of racism. Anti-Semitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred or discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities. Extreme instances of persecution include the pogroms which preceded the First Crusade in 1096, the expulsion from England in 1290, the massacres of Spanish Jews in 1391, the persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition, the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Cossack massacres in Ukraine, various pogroms in Russia, the Dreyfus affair, the Final Solution by Hitler’s Germany, official Soviet anti-Jewish policies and the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries.

Q23. Who among the following is referred to as ‘Desert Fox’?

(a) Lord Wavell

(b) Gen. Eisenhower

(c) Gen. Rommel

(d) Gen. McArthur

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel, popularly known as the Desert Fox, was a German Field Marshal of World War II. He won the respect of both his own troops and the enemies he fought. He was a highly decorated officer in World War I and was awarded the Pour le Merite for his exploits on the Italian front. In World War II, he further distinguished himself as the commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the 1940 invasion of France. However, it was his leadership of German and Italian forces in the North African campaign that established the legend of the Desert Fox. He is considered to have been one of the most skilled commanders of desert warfare in the conflict.

Q24. Which of the following is not are legion developed in ancient time (i.e. In B.C.)?

(a) Shintoism

(b) Zoroastrianism

(c) Islam


Answer: (c)

Explanation: Most religious historians view Islam as having been founded in 622 CE by Muhammad the Prophet (peace be upon him). He lived from about 570 to 632 CE). The religion started in Mecca when the angel Jibril read the first revelation to Muhammad.

Q25. The capital of Pakistan till 1959 was

(a) Islamabad

(b) Karachi

(c) Lahore

(d) Hyderabad

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Karachi is the largest city, main seaport, and financial center of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. By the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan, which at the time included modern-day Bangladesh. In 1958, the capital of Pakistan was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then in 1960, to the newly built Islamabad.

Q26. The British Conservative Party was earlier known as

(a) Whigs

(b) Levellors

(c) Fabians

(d) Tories

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Toryism is a traditionalist and conservative political philosophy that grew out of the Cavalier faction in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. It is a prominent ideology in the politics of the United Kingdom, but also features in parts of The Commonwealth, particularly in Canada. The Tory political faction emerged within the Parliament of England to uphold the legitimist rights of James, Duke of York to succeed his brother Charles II to the throne.

Q27. The absolute sovereign power of the Monarch was advocated by

(a) Thomas Hobbes

(b) Rousseau

(c) John Locke

(d) Karl Marx

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Thomas Hobbes was a champion of absolutism for the sovereign. According to Hobbes, society is a population beneath a sovereign authority, to whom all individuals in that society cede some rights for the sake of protection. Any abuses of power by this authority are to be accepted as the price of peace. He, however, also developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought.

Q28. Which slogan was given by the French Revolution to the world?

(a) Liberty, Authority, Equality

(b) Liberty, Equality, Fraternity

(c) Liberty, Law, Fraternity

(d) Tradition, Authority, Law

Answer: (b)

Explanation: “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” is the French motto that came about around the time of the French revolution. Credit for the motto has traditionally been given to Antoine-François Momoro (1756–1794), a Parisian printer and Hebertist organizer.

Q29. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the Lists:

List-I (Names)List-II (Events)
A. Hobbes1. French Revolution
B. Rousseau2. Glorious Revolution
C. Locke3. Execution of Charles I
D. Hitler4. Second World War

Code:  A B C D

(a)       2 3 1 4

(b)      3 1 2 4

(c)      1 4 2 3

(d)     1 2 4 3

Answer:  (b)

Explanation: Leviathan (1651) was the most celebrated work of Hobbes which was finished in 1651, after the execution of Charles I, and was printed in London. Hobbes presented Charles II, who was in exile in Paris, with a special bund copy. Rousseau’s political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought. John Locke widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. Locke wrote the Two Treatises of Government to defend the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Adolf Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He was at the center of the founding of Nazism, the start of World War II, and the Holocaust.

Q30. The island of Corsica is associated with

(a) Mussolini

(b) Hitler

(c)Napoleon Bonaparte

(d) Winston Churchill

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 in the Corsican capital of Ajaccio. His ancestral home, Casa Bonaparte, is today used as a museum.

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