World History MCQ Questions with Answer

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World History MCQ Questions with Answer

Q11. Who among the following played a prominent role during the “Reign of Terror” in France?

(a) Voltaire

(b) Marat

(c) Robespierre

(d) Montesquieu

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794) was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of “enemies of the revolution.” Robespierre, a French lawyer, and politician was an important figure during the Reign of Terror, which ended a few months after his arrest and execution in July 1794.

Q12. The potato was introduced to Europe by:

(a) Portuguese


(c) Spanish

(d) Dutch

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Potato was brought to Europe from the New World by Spanish explorers. Sailors returning from the Andes to Spain with silver presumably brought maize and potatoes for their own food on the trip. Historians speculate that leftover tubers (and maize) were carried ashore and planted.

Q13. Marxian materialism came from the idea of

(a) Hegel

(b) Feuerbach

(c) Darwin

(d) Engels

Answer: (c)

Explanation: Marxian materialism is a methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history. It was first articulated as the materialist conception of history in which changes in material conditions are the primary influence in the organization of society and economy. Darwin applied materialist philosophy to nature, while Marx-Engels applied it to history.

Q14. The Declaration of the Rights of Man is related with

(a) The Russian Revolution

(b) The French Revolution

(c) The American War of Independence

(d) The Glorious Revolution of England

Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, passed by France’s National Constituent Assembly in August 1789, is a fundamental document of the French Revolution. It defines the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.

Q15. The policy of ‘imperial preferences’ adopted by Britain in its colonies in 1932 is also known as the

(a) Hong Kong Agreement

(b) London Agreement

(c) Ottawa Agreement

(d) Paris Agreement

Answer: (c)

Explanation: The British Empire Economic Conference (Ottawa Conference) was a 1932 conference of British colonies and the autonomous dominions held to discuss the Great Depression. The meeting worked to establish a zone of limited tariffs within the British Empire, but with high tariffs with the rest of the world. This was called “Imperial preference.”

Q16. The world’s first drainage system was built by the people of

(a) Egyptian civilization

(b) Indus Valley civilization

(c) Chinese civilization

(d) Mesopotamian civilization

Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Indus Valley civilization is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses which other Bronze Age civilizations lacked to the extent that the Indus people had. The Drainage System of the Indus Valley Civilization was quite advanced. The drains were covered with slabs. Water flowed from houses into the street drains. The street drains had manholes at regular intervals.

Q17. On which side did Japan fight in the First World War?

(a) None, it was neutral

(b) With Germany against the United Kingdom

(c) Against Russia on its own

(d) With the United Kingdom against Germany

Answer: (d)

Explanation: The First World War involved all the world’s great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances:  the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France, and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy). These alliances were both reorganized and expanded as more nations entered the war:  Italy, Japan, and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.

Q18. The Crimean War in 1854–1856 was fought between

(a) Russia and Turkey

(b) the USA and England

(c) Russia and Japan

(d) England and France

Answer: (a)

Explanation: The Crimean War (October 1853–February 1856), also known as Eastern War, was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish, and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by the Ottoman Empire.

Q19. Bangladesh was created in –

(a) 1970

(b) 1972

(c) 1973

(d) 1971

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Modern Bangladesh came into being on March 26, 1971, when it proclaimed the Declaration of Independence from Pakistan. It was followed by Bangladesh-India Allied Forces defeating the Pakistan Army, culminating in its surrender and the Liberation of Dhaka on 16 December 1971. On 17 December 1971, the nation of Bangladesh was finally established.

Q20. The chief advocate of Fascism was:

(a) Mussolini

(b) Adolf Hitler

(c) St. Simon

(d) Robert Owen

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party, ruling the country from 1922 to his ousting in 1943, and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of fascism, a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party and editor of the Avanti from 1912 to 1914, Mussolini fought in World War I as an ardent nationalist and created the Fasci di Combattimento in 1919, catalyzing his nationalist and socialist beliefs in the Fascist Manifesto, published in 1921.

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