Environmental Studies and Pedagogy MCQ Question

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Environmental Studies and Pedagogy MCQ Question


Q41. Pick up the correct food chain

(a) grass → chamelion → insect → bird

(b) grass → fox → rabbit → bird

(c) phytoplankton → zooplankton → fish

(d) fallen leaves → bacteria → insect larvae.

Answer: (c) phytoplankton → zooplankton → fish

Q42. The Ministry of Environment and Forest declared India’s first marine eco-sensitive zone in –

(a) Gulf of Kutch

(b) Palk Strait

(c) Gulf of Khambat

(d) Gulf of Mannar

Answer: (a) Gulf of Kutch

Q43. The largest number of Tiger Reserves are located in :

(a) Karnataka

(b) Andhra Pradesh

(c) Madhya Pradesh

(d) West Bengal

Answer: (c) Madhya Pradesh

Q44. The word ‘ecology’ (Ökologie) was coined in 1866 by :

(a) Charles Darwin

(b)  Robert Whittaker

(c) Arthur Tansley

(d) Ernst Haeckel

Answer: (d) Ernst Haeckel

Q45. In Nitrogen Cycle, soil nitrates are transformed into free nitrogen by:

(a) Nitrifying bacteria

(b) Denitrifying bacteria

(c) Ammonifying bacteria

(d) Both (a) and (c)

Answer: (b) Denitrifying bacteria

Q46. What is the basic unit of society ?

(a) Men

(b) Women

(c) Children

(d) Family

Answer: (d) Family 

Q47. Which of the following statement are true ?

  1. Algae contain chlorophyll.
  2. Algae can prepare their own food.
  3. Algae do not require water for photosynthesis.
  4. Algae need oxygen as raw material for photosynthesis.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 3 and 4

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2 and 3

Answer: (a) 1 and 2 

Q48. A biochemical compound that readily combines with oxygen and distributes it throughout the human body is

(a) Chlorine

(b) Urea

(c) Hemoglobin

(d) Water

 Answer: (c) Hemoglobin

Q49. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

(a) Ocean constitute the largest amount of water on the Earth approximately 97% of total water

(b) Mostly the river drains into the ocean or sea

(c) Groundwater forms the source of fresh water

(d) Glacier and ice caps constitute 1 % of all freshwater present on the earth

Answer: (d) Glacier and ice caps constitutes 1 % of all freshwater present on the earth 

Q50. Which of the animal lives in sty ?

(a) Pig

(b) Hen

(c) Dog

(d) Sheep

Answer: (a) Pig 

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