|Environmental Studies and Pedagogy MCQ Question with Answer|
Q31. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
(a) Biosphere — Eduard Suess
(b) Ecosystem — A.P. de Candolle
(c) Ecology — A.G. Tansley
(d) Biodiversity — Reiter
Q32. Which of the following groups of gases contribute to the ‘Green House Effect?
(a) Ammonia and Ozone
(b) Carbon mono-oxide and Sulphur dioxide
(c) Carbon tetrafluoride and Nitrous oxide
(d) Carbon dioxide and Methane
Q33. Which one of the following is the correct definition of “ Agenda 21”?
(a) It is an action plan of the U.N.O for protecting human rights.
(b) It is a book of 21 chapters on nuclear disarmament.
(c) It is an action plan for sustainable development.
(d) It is an agenda for the election of the president in the next meeting of SAARC.
Q34. Environmental degradation means
(a) Overall lowering of environmental qualities.
(b) Adverse change brought in by human activities.
(c) Ecological imbalance
(d) All the above
Q35. In case of a parasitic food chain, the shape of the pyramid of number is always:
(d) Not certain
Q36. What per cent of the area in the plain should be under forest?
(a) 21 %
Q37. What does the high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) indicate?
(a) High level of Microbial Pollution
(b) Low level of Microbial Pollution
(c) Absence of Microbial Pollution
(d) Water is fully pure
Q38. Which of the following statement is incorrect about the Biosphere?
(a) The biosphere is a combination of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere
(b) The biosphere is missing at the extreme of the north and south pole
(c) Organisms are uniformly present in Biosphere
(d) All of the above
Q39. Chipko Movement occurred in which of the following regions?
(a) Tribal areas of MP
(b) Rural area of Rajasthan
(c) Tehri Garhwal
(d) Darjeeling region
Q40. The concept of biodiversity hotspots is given by :
(a) F.P. Odum
(b) Norman Myers
(c) James Lovelock
(d) Rachel Carson
Q41. Pick up the correct food chain
(a) grass → chamelion → insect → bird
(b) grass → fox → rabbit → bird
(c) phytoplankton → zooplankton → fish
(d) fallen leaves → bacteria → insect larvae.
Q42. The Ministry of Environment and Forest declared India’s first marine eco-sensitive zone in –
(a) Gulf of Kutch
(b) Palk Strait
(c) Gulf of Khambat
(d) Gulf of Mannar
Q43. The largest number of Tiger Reserves are located in :
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) West Bengal
Q44. The word ‘ecology’ (Ökologie) was coined in 1866 by :
(a) Charles Darwin
(b) Robert Whittaker
(c) Arthur Tansley
(d) Ernst Haeckel
Q45. In Nitrogen Cycle, soil nitrates are transformed into free nitrogen by:
(a) Nitrifying bacteria
(b) Denitrifying bacteria
(c) Ammonifying bacteria
(d) Both (a) and (c)
Q46. What is the basic unit of society?
Q47. Which of the following statement are true?
- Algae contain chlorophyll.
- Algae can prepare their own food.
- Algae do not require water for photosynthesis.
- Algae need oxygen as raw material for photosynthesis.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 2 and 3
Q48. A biochemical compound that readily combines with oxygen and distributes it throughout the human body is
Q49. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(a) Ocean constitute the largest amount of water on the Earth approximately 97% of total water
(b) Mostly the river drains into the ocean or sea
(c) Groundwater forms the source of freshwater
(d) Glacier and ice caps constitute 1 % of all freshwater present on the earth
Q50. Which of the animal lives in a sty?
Q51. People used to travel because of
- Employment and Education
- to mitigate disaster.
- for treatment of disease
- to enjoy
(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) All of these
Q52. Which of the following is incorrect?
(a) Gasses that have fixed volume does not change with pressure
(b) Liquids have an only definite volume
(c) Solid have fixed shapes and fixed volume
(d) Expansion is rare in solid and liquid and it is observed in gas very commonly
Q53. Biodiversity includes which of the following things?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) all of these
Q54. Among the following statement regarding EVS which is incorrect?
(a) EVS primarily deals with the study of biodiversity
(b) EVS is an interdisciplinary subject
(c) EVS should be started mandatory at a higher level of school education also
(d) EVS should be started at a very primary level
Q55. Changes in the behaviour due to experience is called
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of the above
Q56. Which of the following type of forest occupies the largest area in India?
(a) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest
(b) Sub-tropical Dry Everblue Forest
(c) Montane Wet Temperate Forest
(d) Tropical Wet Everblue Forest
Q57. Which of the following is the first National Park of India?
(c) Jim Corbett
Q58. The environment is related to which of the following subject?
(d) All of the above
Q59. Which layer of the atmosphere is also called Ozonosphere?
Q60. Which of the following is responsible for turning the yellow Taj Mahal?
(a) Nitrogen dioxide
(d) Sulphur dioxide