|English and Pedagogy MCQ Questions with Answer|
Q11. Language acquisition
(a) are the memorization and use of necessary vocabulary
(b) involves a systematic approach to the analysis and comprehension of grammar as well as to the memorization of vocabulary
(c) refers to the process of learning a native or a Second language because of the innate capacity or the human brain
(d) is a technique intended to simulate the environment in which children learn their native language
Directions (Q. Nos. 12-20) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
Time was when people looked heavenward and prayed, “Ye Gods, give us rain, keep drought away, Today there are those who pray. “Give us rain, keep El Nino away.” EI Nino and its atmospheric equivalent, called the Southern Oscillation, are together referred to as ENSO and are household words today. Meteorologists organize it as often being responsible for natural disasters worldwide. But this wisdom dawned only after countries suffered, first from the lack of knowledge and then from the lack of coordination between policymaking and the advance in scientific knowledge. Put simply, El Nino is a weather event restricted to certain tropical shores, especially the Peruvian coast. The event has diametrically opposite impacts on the land and sea. The Peruvian shore is a desert. But every few years, an unusually warm ocean current- El Nino warms up the normally cold surface waters of the Peruvian coast, causing very heavy rains in the early half of the year.
And then, miraculously, the desert is matted blue. Crops like cotton, coconuts, and bananas grow on the otherwise stubbornly barren land. These are the Peruvians’ anos de Prudencia or years of abundance. The current had come to be termed EI Nino or the Christ child because it usually appears as an enhancement if a mildly warm current that normally occurs here around every Christmas.
But this b0on on land is accompanied by oceanic disasters. Normally, the waters of the South American coast are among the most productive in the world because of a constant upswelling of nutrient-rich cold waters from the ocean depths. During an El Nino, however, waters are stirred up only from near the surface. The nutrient crunch pushes down primary production, disrupting the food chain. Many marine species, including anchoveta (anchovies), temporarily disappear. This is just one damning effect of EI Nino. Over the years its full impact has been studied and what the Peruvians once regarded as manna, is now seen as a major threat.
Q12. Meteorologists took time to understand El Nino because
(a) it was neither a disaster nor a boon for the people living in desert areas
(b) they recognized it as an atmospheric equivalent and hence called it Southern Oscillation
(c) they suffered from a lack of knowledge about El Nino as they were not scientifically advanced
(d) All of the above
Q13. El Nino in a layman language is
(a) a natural disaster
(b) a weather event
(c) Southern Oscillation
(d) None of these
Q14. What are the two types of landscapes that are affected by El Nino?
(a) Coastal areas and sea
(b) Deserts and oceans
(c) Tropical shores and land
(d) All of these
Q15. Which word in Para 3 is the antonym for “Fertile’?
(d) None of these
Q16. What, according to the author, is a positive effect of EI Nino?
(a) It causes a change in the atmosphere
(b) It results in vegetation in barren lands
(c) It comes around Christmas
(d) It is regarded as manna
Q17. How can we say the El Nino proves to be a boon for the South American Coast?
(a) It causes an upswelling of rich nutrients making it the most productive in the world
(b) It causes the destruction of many marine species such as anchoveta
(c) It warms up normally cold surface waters off causing heavy rains
(d) It enhances warm currents around every Christmas
Q18. The years of abundance’ is when
(a) El Nino occurs during Christmas
(b) the deserts are matted blue
(c) Marine species are destroyed
(d) None of the above
Q19. The phrase, ‘damning effect’ means
(a) destructive effects
(b) disrupting effects
(c) negative effects
(d) full effects
Q20. People today, pray to God to keep
(a) rains and droughts away
(b) drought away
(c) El Nino away
(d) El Nino and droughts away