|English and Pedagogy MCQ Questions with Answer|
Directions (Q. Nos. 61-69): Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
Edmund Burke called the press the Fourth Estate of the realm. I think he did not use this title for the Press thoughtlessly as a social ruling group or class. The three Estates or Realms (in England) Lords Spiritual (i.e., the Bishops in the House of Lords), the ‘temporal, ü. e., other Lords) and Commons, i.e., the common people. The Press has been rightly called the Fourth Estate as it also constitutes a ruling group or class like the Lords and Commons. It cannot be denied in a free country that the Press exercises a good deal of influence in shaping public opinion and pointing out the weaknesses or defects of society or Government, and “in general bringing to light all those good or bad things ld have otherwise remained unnoticed. The power is not limited or put under any check. The Press, instead of, being controlled by anyone controls the life and thought of a nation. Hence, the Press constitutes an Estate by itself.
Obviously, thus the power that the Press in a country wields depends upon the number of newspaper readers. The opinions and comments of newspapers can influence. The life of a nation only when they are read, by people. Reading, in turn, requires that the general mass of people should be educated. Thus, the spread of education determines the extent of the newspapers. Where readers are few newspapers must necessarily be few. Their influence, in that case, can extend only to a small minority of the population. In a country like India, the percentage of literacy is very low and the standard of journalism is not very high. So, Press has to play the role of a teacher here.
Q61. How much power does a Free Press possess?
(a) Only that much power, which is allowed by the Government of the country
(b) Unlimited power without any check
(c) Unlimited power subject to the maintenance of law and order and public morality
(d) No power at all
Q62. The state of journalism in India
(a) is up to the mark
(b) is rather low
(c) is in its infancy
(d) is not very high
Q63. The Free Press does not perform the function of
(a) Shaping public opinion
(b) Supporting at all times the official policy
(c) Criticizing Government
(d) Exposing social abuses
Q64. The secret of the press is
(a) The money which the newspaper owners can wield
(b) The number of newspaper readers
(c) The extent to which it supports official policy
(d) The patronage enjoyed by it of the Government
Q65. Edmunde Burke called the Press
(a) Instrument of Public Opinion
(b) Distributor of news
(c) The Fourth Estate
(d) Lord Temporal
Q66. The Press exercises power by
(a) Enlisting the support of the people
(b) Keeping watch over the acts of the Government
(c) Controlling life and thought of a nation
(d) Because it is a great moneyed concern
Q67. The term Fourth Estate stands for
(a) An area of land
(b) Landed property
(c) Social ruling group or class
(d) Instrument of power
Q68. The number of newspaper readers is determined by
(a) The low price of newspapers
(b) The patronage extended to it by the moneyed people
(c) Education of the general mass of people
(d) The availability of newsprint
Q69. Out of the following the one which is not included in the Three Estates is
(a) Lords Spiritual
(b) Justices of Peace
(c) Lord Temporal
Q70. The study of a language has aspects
(a) The semantic aspect
(b) The phonetic aspect
(c) The graphic aspect
(d) All of the above
Q71. What is the main focus of learning a second language?
(c) Both (a) and (b)
Q72. This method of education can be applied to teaching spelling
(a) Play-way method
(b) Old drill method
(c) New drill method
(d) Dictionary method
Q73. AV materials supplement experiences.
Q74. A bilingual method is less …… than a direct method.
Q75. Method is a body of …… that a teacher adopts in the classroom teaching learning situation.
Q76. Dr West’s method is also known as the method.
Q77. The focus is on using the language rather than analysis of the language and grammar is taught implicitly rather than explicitly.
(a) Direct approach
(b) Communicative approach
(c) Grammar-translation method
(d) Structural method
Q78. Teachers may respond to young writers according to their individual’s needs. How?
(a) Give them detailed feedback on grammatical errors only
(b) Praise what they do well, making specific comments about the work
(C) Encourage them by overlooking certain errors
(d) Reward students who write well before the whole class
Q79. The students are asked to answer inferential questions about information which was implied by the text. Here, the students can be evaluated.
(a) Speaking skill
(b) Listening and writing skills
(c) Reading and listening skills
(d) Reading skill
Q80. Which attribute of the conventional schooling system produces slow Learners?
(a) Heterogeneous composition of the class
(b) Overcrowding in class
(c) Inadequate attention of teachers because of large class Size
(d) All of the above
Q81. Which of the following is an ideal method of remedial teaching?
(a) Giving extra classes to the student
(b) Teaching basics to the student
(c) Providing guide books to the student
(d) Advising the student to take tuition
Q82. A speaking activity can be made more purposeful by
(a) Motivating students to complete a task at the end
(b) Providing a specific list of vocabulary to use
(c) Insisting on correct structure and pronunciation
(d) Interrupting the activity with some writing/reading
Q83. In the communicative classroom, learners acquire the grammar of second language to
(a) Understand second language better, while reading/listening to it
(b) Understand how to make meaning and become more proficient in speaking and writing
(c) Enhance their formal communication skills
(d) Write confidently
Q84. Structure in the second language are better assimilated in a pedagogical practice
(a) Through repetition and practice of commonly used syntax
(b) Through the application of learnt structures in discrete language items
(c) Through meaningful interaction with interesting content
(d) Insisting on the accuracy, explicit instruction in rules
Directions (Q. Nos. 85-90): Read the poem given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
Behold! A giant am I!
Aloft here in my tower,
With my granite jaws, I devour
The maize, and the wheat, and the rye,
And grind them into flour.
I look down over the farms;
In the fields of grain, I see
The harvest that is to be.
And I fling to the air my arms,
For I know it is all for me!
I hear the sound of Fails,
Far off, from the threshing-floors
In barns, with their open doors,
And the wind, the wind in my sails,
Louder and louder roars
I stand here in my place,
With my foot on the rock below
And whichever way it may blow
I meet it face to face,
As brave man feet’s his fue.
And while we wrestle and strive,
My master, the miller, stands
And feeds me with his hands;
For he knows who makes him thrive,
Who makes him lord of lands
On Sundays I take my rest;
Church-going bells begins
Their low-melodious din;
I cross my arms on my breast,
And all is peace within.
Q85. Identify the figure of speech in “Behold! A giant am I.” Explain the figure of speech
(a) Simile; windmill is compared to a giant
(b) Metaphor; windmill’s comparison with a giant is implied
(c) Alliteration; all hard sounds are repeated
(d) All of the above
Q86. Why does the windmill fling to the air his arms?
(a) To show happiness at the thought of all the grains coming to him after harvest
(b) To show helplessness
(c) To show anger and fear
(d) To catch the harvested grains
Q87. The word ‘alofť in the poem means
(b) High up
(c) In this direction
Q88. The windmill faces the fierce wind to
(a) Defeat the wind, his foe
(6) Grind the grains for the miller
(c) Protect the grains in the fields
(d) Strive for peace within
Q89. “I cross my arms on my breast”. This means
(a) The windmill respects the church going people
(b) The windmill enjoys the low, melodious dins of the church bells
(c) The windmill does, not work on Sundays and there is no grinding
(d) The windmill is looking at the word like a lord
Q90. Name the poet of given poem
(a) Night L’ Envoi
(b) John Keat
(c) William Shakespeare
(d) None of the above