|Child Development and Pedagogy MCQ Question|
Directions (Q. 1-30): Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.
Q1. The best way, especially at the primary level, to address the learning difficulties of students is to use
(a) Easy and interesting textbooks
(b) The storytelling method
(c) A variety of teaching methods suited to the disability
(d) Expensive and glossy support material
Q2. Teachers who work under School-based Assessment
(a) are overburdened as they need to take frequent tests in addition to Monday tests
(b) Need to assign project work in each subject to individual students
(c) Observe students minutely on a daily basis to assess their values and attitudes
(d) Feel a sense of ownership for the system
Q3. Which of the following is true about gifted learners?
(a) They make everyone else smarter and are essential for collaborative learning.
(b) They always lead others and assume extra responsibility in the classroom.
(c) They may get lower grades due to their heightened sensitivity
(d) Their importance is primarily due to their brainpower
Q4. Out-of-the-box thinking is related to
(a) memory-based thinking
(b) Divergent thinking
(c) Convergent thinking
(d) Consistent thinking
Q5. During the _______ stage, a child develops the capacity for reasoning, problem-solving and thinking.
Q6. A teacher collects and reads the work of the class, then plans and adjusts the next lesson to meet students’ needs. He/she is doing
(a) Assessment of learning
(b) Assessment as learning
(c) Assessment for learning
(d) Assessment at learning
Q7. The cause of learned helplessness in children is their
(a) Acquired behaviour that they will not succeed
(b) Callous attitude towards classroom activities
(c) Non-compliance with expectations of their parents
(d) Moral decision of not taking up studies seriously
Q8. We all differ in terms of our intelligence, motivation, interest, etc. This principle refers to
(a) Theories of intelligence
(d) Individual differences
Q9. Giving children group work is an effective pedagogic strategy since
(a) Children learn from each other and support each other in the learning process
(b) Children will be able to do their work quickly
(c) It helps to reduce the teacher’s work
(d) It allows some children to dominate others in small groups
Q10. Education of children with special needs should be provided
(a) In special schools
(b) By special teachers in special schools
(c) Along with other normal children
(d) By the methods developed for special children in special schools
Q11. Which one of the following is the primary agent of socialisation?
(b) Political parties
Q12. Inclusion in schools primarily focuses on
(a) Making subtle provisions for special-category children
(b) Fulfilling the needs of children with disabilities only
(c) Meeting the need of the disabled child at the expense of the entire class
(d) Including the educational needs of illiterate parents in schools
Q13. Which one of the following strategies should a primary school teacher adopt to motivate her students?
(a) Help children set goals as per their interests and support them in working towards the same.
(b) Set standard goals for the entire class and have rigid parameters to assess the achievement of those goals.
(c) Encourage competition for marks among individual students.
(d) Use incentives, rewards and punishment as motivating factors for each activity.
Q14. “Like begets like” belongs to the
(a) Principle of regression
(b) Principle of variation
(c) Principle of resemblance
(d) Principle of continuation
Q15. Vygotsky emphasised the significance of the role played by which of the following factors in the learning of children?
Q16. Socialisation denotes
(a) Modification in social norms
(b) Relationship between teachers and students
(c) Ways to modernise the society
(d) Adapting to social norms
Q17. Students of disadvantaged groups should be taught along with normal students. It implies
(a) Special education
(b) Integrated education
(c) Exclusive education
(d) Inclusive education
Q18. The dominant element of emotion is
Q19. Which of the following types of development gets affected by climatic conditions and heredity?
Q20. As per the progressive model of education, the socialisation of a child aims at
(a) Letting the child learn exhaustive social habits and ways to score good marks
(b) Letting the child become an active participant in a group and develop social skills
(c) Preparing the child to follow rules and norms of the society without questioning
(d) Making the child learn whatever is taught at the school irrespective of his/her social background
Q21. A teacher makes use of a variety of tasks to cater to the different learning styles of her learners. She is influenced by
(a) Kohlberg’s moral development theory
(b) Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory
(c) Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory
(d) Piaget’s cognitive development theory
Q22. “How do grades differ from marks?”
This question belongs to which of the following classes of questions?
Q23. Individuals who show _________ morality observe the rules as useful but changeable mechanisms.
(a) Conventional level
(b) Pre-conventional level
(c) Post-conventional level
(d) Social contract level
Q24. A school gives preference to girls while preparing students for a state-level solo song competition. This reflects
(a) Global trends
(b) Pragmatic approach
(c) Progressive thinking
(d) Gender bias
Q25. One of the identical twin brothers is adopted by a socio-economically rich family and the other by a poor family. After one year, which one of the following may be most likely observed about their IQ scores?
(a) The boy with a socio-economically rich family will score greater than the boy with a poor family.
(b) Both of them will score equally.
(c) The boy with a poor family will score greater than the boy with a socio-economically rich family.
(d) The socio-economic level does not affect the IQ score.
Q26. Which one of the following is true about the role of heredity and environment in the development of a child?
(a) The relative contributions of peers and genes are not additive.
(b) Heredity and environment do not operate together.
(c) Propensity is related to the environment, while actual development requires heredity.
(d) Both heredity and environment contribute 50% each in the development of a child.
Q27. Abhimanyu, a student from the economically weaker section takes admission in Class IV of a public school under the RTE Act. After some time, the co-students of Abhimanyu start bullying him for his poor background. As a teacher, what should you do in this situation if you are following Kohlberg’s theory of moral development?
(a) Convey it to the students that they will be punished if they continue bullying Abhimanyu.
(b) Counsel the students about accepting Abhimanyu as their fellow student.
(c) Ask Abhimanyu to avoid the students who bully him.
(d) Request the Principal to arrange a decent dress and pair of shoes for Abhimanyu.
Q28. Which one of the following optimises motivation to learn?
(a) Extrinsic factors
(b) Motivation to avoid failure
(c) Tendency to choose very easy or very difficult goals
(d) Personal satisfaction in meeting targets
Q29. Which one of the following is true?
(a) Development and learning are unaffected by socio-cultural contexts.
(b) Students learn only in a certain way.
(c) Play is significant for cognition and social competence.
(d) Questioning by teachers constrains cognitive development.
Q30. Boys with risk-taking capacities are often praised, whereas girls’ assertiveness is viewed as an unfeminine trait. It is an example of
(c) Gender bias